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Sauveur Belviso


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Research scientist at CNRS

Sujets de recherche

Global biogeochemical cycles of sulfur compounds (DMSP, DMS, COS)

Etude à l’échelle planétaire des cycles biogéochimiques des composés du type DMS(P) et COS. Echanges gazeux océan-atmosphère-biosphère terrestre.


Dr. Sauveur Belviso is a senior researcher and has over 35 years experience in sulfur cycle research. He studied atmospheric chemistry at the University of Paris VII and obtained his doctorate in 1986 in biogeochemistry. His particular expertise is the application of field observations to the quantification and understanding of the global cycles of carbonyl sulfide and dimethylsulfide. He is the author of more than 60 publications in the reviewed literature. He was the vice-president of the SCOR Working Group 120 « Marine phytoplankton and global climate change : the Phaeocystis spp. Cluster as a model », 2002-2005.

Publications scientifiques

Selected publications

1. Belviso, S., B.-C. Nguyen & P. Allard. Estimate of carbonyl sulfide (OCS) volcanic source strength deduced from OCS/CO2 ratios in volcanic gases. Geophysical Research Letters 13 (1): 133-136, 1986.

2. Belviso, S., N. Mihalopoulos & B.-C. Nguyen. The supersaturation of carbonyl sulfide (OCS) in rain waters. Atmospheric Environment 21 (6): 1363-1367, 1987.

3. Belviso, S., P. Jean-Baptiste, B.-C. Nguyen, L. Merlivat & L. Labeyrie. Deep methane maxima and 3He anomalies across the Pacific entrance to the Celebes Basin. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 51: 2673-2680, 1987.

4. Nguyen, B.-C., S. Belviso, N. Mihalopoulos, J. Gostan & P. Nival. Dimethyl sulfide production during natural phytoplanktonic blooms. Marine Chemistry 24: 133-141, 1988.

5. Mihalopoulos, N., B. Bonsang, B.-C. Nguyen, M. Kanakidou & S. Belviso. Field observations of carbonyl sulfide deficit near the ground: possible implication of vegetation. Atmospheric Environment 23 (10): 2159-2166, 1989.

6. Belviso, S., S.-K. Kim, F. Rassoulzadegan, B. Krajka, B.-C. Nguyen, N. Mihalopoulos & P. Buat-Ménard. Production of dimethylsulfonium propionate (DMSP) and dimethylsulfide (DMS) by a microbial food web. Limnology and Oceanography 35 (8): 1810-1821, 1990.

7. Jean-Baptiste, P., S. Belviso, G. Alaux, B.-C. Nguyen & N. Mihalopoulos. 3He and methane in the Gulf of Aden. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54: 111-116, 1990.

8. Nguyen, B.-C., N., Mihalopoulos & S. Belviso. Seasonal variation of atmospheric dimethylsulfide at Amsterdam Island in the southern Indian Ocean. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 11: 123-141, 1990.

9. Mihalopoulos, N., J.-P. Putaud, B.-C. Nguyen & S. Belviso. Annual variation of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide in the marine atmosphere in the southern Indian Ocean. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 13: 73-82, 1991.

10. Mihalopoulos, N., B.-C. Nguyen, J.-P. Putaud & S. Belviso. The oceanic source of carbonyl sulfide (COS). Atmospheric Environment 26 (8): 1383-1394, 1992.

11. Mihalopoulos, N., B.-C. Nguyen, C. Boissard, J.-M. Campin, J.-P. Putaud, S. Belviso, I. Barnes & K.H. Becker. Field study of dimethylsulfide oxidation in the boundary layer: variations of dimethylsulfide, methanesulfonic acid, sulfur dioxide, non-sea-salt sulfate and Aitken nuclei at a coastal site. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 14: 459-477, 1992.

12. Putaud, J.-P., N. Mihalopoulos, B.-C. Nguyen, J.-M. Campin & S. Belviso. Seasonal variations of atmospheric sulfur dioxide and dimethylsulfide concentrations at Amsterdam Island in the Southern Indian Ocean. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 15: 117-131, 1992.

13. Putaud, J.-P., S. Belviso, B.-C. Nguyen & N. Mihalopoulos. Dimethylsulfide, aerosols, and condensation nuclei over the tropical northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research 98 (D8): 14863-14871, 1993.

14. Belviso, S., P. Buat-Ménard, J.-P. Putaud, B.-C. Nguyen, H. Claustre & J. Neveux. Size distribution of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) in areas of the tropical northeastern Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Chemistry 44: 55-71, 1993.

15. Corn, M., S. Belviso, P. Nival, A. Vigot & P. Buat-Ménard. Downward flux of particulate dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSPp) in the tropical open ocean. Oceanologica Acta 17 (2): 233-236, 1994.

16. Christaki, U., S. Belviso, J.R. Dolan & M. Corn. Assessment of the role of copepods and ciliates in the release to solution of particulate DMSP. Marine Ecology and Progress Series 141: 119-127, 1996.

17. Corn, M., S. Belviso, F. Partensky, N. Simon & U. Christaki. Origin and importance of picoplanktonic DMSP. Kiene, R.P., P.T. Visscher, M.D. Keller and G.O. Kirst (editors). Biological and environmental chemistry of DMSP and related sulfonium compounds. Plenum Press, New York. p. 191-201, 1996.

18. Cailliau, C., S. Belviso, M. Goutx, A. Bedo, Y. Park & E. Charriaud. Sedimentation pathways in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean during a production regime dominated by regeneration. Marine Ecology and Progress Series 190: 53-67, 1999.

19. Belviso, S., R. Morrow & N. Mihalopoulos. An Atlantic meridional transect of surface water DMS concentrations with 10-15 km horizontal resolution and close examination of ocean circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research 105: 14423-14431, 2000.

20. Belviso, S., U. Christaki, F. Vidussi, J.-C. Marty, M. Vila Reig & M. Delgado. Diel variations of the DMSP-to-chlorophyll a ratio in Northwestern Mediterranean surface waters. Journal of Marine Systems 25: 119-128, 2000.

21. Sciare, J., E. Baboukas, M. Kanakidou, S. Belviso, H. Bardouki & N. Mihalopoulos. Spatial and temporal variability of atmospheric sulfur containing gases and particles during the ALBATROSS campaign. Journal of Geophysical Research 105: 14433-14448, 2000.

22. Blain, S., P. Treguer, S. Belviso, E. Bucciarelli, E. Charriaud, M. Denis, M. Fiala, V. Jézéquel, J. Le Fèvre, P. Mayzaud, J.-C. Marty, Y. Park, S. Razouls & R. Sempéré. A biogeochemical study of the island mass effect in the context of the iron hypothesis: Kerguelen Islands, Southern Ocean. Deep-Sea Research I 48: 163-187, 2001.

23. Belviso, S., H. Claustre & J.-C. Marty. Evaluation of the utility of chemo-taxonomic pigments as a surrogate for particulate DMSP. Limnology & Oceanography 46: 989-995, 2001.

24. Aumont, O., S. Belviso & P. Monfray. Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and dimethylsulfide (DMS) sea surface distributions simulated from a global ocean carbon model. Journal of Geophysical Research 107 (C4), doi: 10.1029/1999JC000111, 3029, 2002.

25. Schmidt, S., V. Andersen, S. Belviso & J.-C. Marty. Strong seasonality in particle dynamics of the north-western mediterranean surface waters as revealed by 234Th /238U. Deep-Sea Research I 49: 1507-1518, 2002.

26. Bopp, L., O. Aumont, S. Belviso & P. Monfray. Potential impact of climate change on marine dimethylsulfide (DMS) emissions. Tellus B 55: 11-22, 2003.

27. Belviso, S., A. Sciandra & C. Copin-Montégut. Mesoscale features of surface water DMSP and DMS concentrations in the Atlantic Ocean off Morocco and in the Mediterranean Sea. Deep-Sea Research I, 50 (4): 543-555, 2003.

28. Boucher, O., C. Moulin, S. Belviso, O. Aumont, L. Bopp, E. Cosme, R. von Kuhlmann, M.G., Lawrence, M. Pham, M.S. Reddy, J. Sciare & C. Venkataraman. DMS atmospheric concentrations and sulphate aerosol indirect radiative forcing: a sensitivity study to the DMS source representation and oxidation. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 3, 49-65, 2003.

29. Bopp, L., O. Boucher, O. Aumont, S. Belviso, J.-L. Dufresne, P. Monfray & M. Pham. Will marine dimethylsulfide emissions amplify or alleviate global warming? - A model study. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 61(5), 826-835, 2004.

30. Belviso, S., C. Moulin, L. Bopp & J. Stefels. Assessment of a global climatology of oceanic dimethylsulfide (DMS) concentrations based on SeaWiFS imagery (1998-2001). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 61(5): 804-816, 2004.

31. Belviso, S., L. Bopp, C. Moulin, J.C. Orr, T.R. Anderson, S. Chu, S. Elliott, M.E. Maltrud & R. Simo. Comparison of global maps of sea surface dimethylsulfide. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 18, GB3013, doi :10.1029/2003GB002193, 2004.

32. Belviso S., G. Thouzeau, S. Schmidt, M.Reigstad, P. Wassmann, E. Arashkevich & J. Stefels. Significance of vertical flux as a sink for surface water DMSP and as a source for the sediment surface in coastal zones of northern Europe. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 68: 473-488, 2006.

33. Blain, S., B. Quéguiner, L. Armand, S. Belviso, B. Bombled, L. Bopp, A. Bowie, C. Brunet, C. Brussaard, F. Carlotti, U. Christaki, A. Corbière, I. Durand, F. Ebersbach, J.-L. Fuda, N. Garcia, L. Gerringa, B. Griffiths, C. Guigue, C. Guillerm, S. Jacquet, C. Jeandel, P. Laan, D. Lefèvre, C. Lo Monaco, A. Malits, J. Mosseri, I. Obernosterer, Y.-H. Park, M. Picheral, P. Pondaven, T. Remenyi, V. Sandroni, G. Sarthou, N. Savoye, L. Scouarnec, M. Souhaut, D. Thuiller, K. Timmermans, T. Trull, J. Uitz, P. van Beek, M. Veldhuis, D. Vincent, E. Viollier, L. Vong & T. Wagener. Effect of natural iron fertilization on carbon sequestration in the Southern Ocean. Nature, 446: 1070-1075, 2007.

34. Bucciarelli, E., W. G. Sunda, S. Belviso & G. Sarthou. Effect of the diel cycle on production of dimethylsulfoniopropionate in batch cultures of Emiliania huxleyi. Aquatic Microbiol Ecology, 48: 73–81, 2007.

35. Preunkert, S., M. Legrand, B. Jourdain, C. Moulin, S. Belviso, N. Kasamatsu, M. Fukuchi & T. Hirawake. Interannual variability of dimethylsulfide in air and seawater and its atmospheric oxidation by-products (methanesulfonate and sulfate) at Dumont d’Urville, coastal Antarctica (1999–2003). Journal Geophysical Research, 112, doi:10.1029/2006JD0075, 2007.

36. Schmidt, S., S. Belviso, P. Wassmann, G. Thouzeau & J. Stefels. Vernal sedimentation trends in north Norwegian fjords: temporary anomaly in 234Th particulate fluxes related to Phaeocystis pouchetii proliferation. Biogeochemistry, 83: 235–244, 2007.

37. Stefels, J., M. Steinke, S. Turner, G. Malin & S. Belviso. Environmental constraints on the production and removal of the climatically active gas dimethylsulphide (DMS) and implications for ecosystem modelling. Biogeochemistry, 83: 245–275, 2007.

38. Belviso, S., L. Bopp, J. Mosseri, M. Tedetti, N. Garcia, B. Griffiths, F. Joux, I. Obernosterer, J. Uitz & M. J. W. Veldhuis. Effect of natural iron fertilisation on the distribution of DMS and DMSP in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean. Deep-Sea Research part II, 55: 5-7, 893-900, 2008.

39. Bopp, L., O. Aumont, S. Belviso & S. Blain. Modeling the effect of iron fertilization on dimethylsulfide emissions in the Southern Ocean. Deep-Sea Research part II, 55: 5-7, 901-912, 2008.

40. Belviso, S. & G. Caniaux. A new assessment in North-Atlantic waters of the relationship between DMS concentration and the upper mixed layer solar radiation dose. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23 : GB1014, doi :10.1029/2008GB003382, 2009.

41. Masotti, I., S. Belviso, S. Alvain, J.E. johnson, T.S. Bates, P.D. Tortell, N. Kasamatsu, M. Mongin, C.A. Marandino, E.S. Saltzman & C. Moulin. Spatial and temporal variability of the dimethylsulfide to chlorophyll ratio in the surface ocean: an assessment in the light of phytoplankton composition determined from space. Biogeoscience, 7: 3215-3237, 2010.

42. The Mermex Group: X. Durrieu de Madron & 93 co-authors. Marine ecosystem's responses to climatic and anthropogenic forcings in the Mediterrranean. Progress in Oceanography, 91: 97-166, 2011.

43. Belviso, S., I. Masotti, A. Tagliabue, L. Bopp, P. Brockmann, C. Fichot, G. Caniaux, L. Prieur, J. Ras, J. Uitz, H. Loisel, D. Dessailly, S. Alvain, N. Kasamatsu & M. Fukuchi. DMS dynamics in the most oligotrophic subtropical zones of the global ocean. Biogeochemistry, 110: 215-241, doi 10.1007/s10533-011-9648-1, 2012.

44. Tran, S., B. bonsang, V. Gros, I. Peeken, R. Sarda-Esteve, A. Bernhardt & S. Belviso. A survey of carbon monoxide and non-methane hydrocarbons in the Arctic Ocean during summer 2010. Biogeosciences, 10, 1909-1935, 2013.

45. Bucciarelli, E., C. Ridame, W.G. Sunda, C. Dimier-Hugueney, M. Cheize and S. Belviso. Increased intracellular concentrations of DMSP and DMSO in iron-limited oceanic phytoplankton Thalassiosira oceanica and Trichodesmium erythraeum. Limnology & Oceanography, 58(5), 1667-1679, 2013.

46. Belviso, S., M. Schmidt, C. Yver, M. Ramonet, V. Gros & T. Launois. Strong similarities between night-time deposition velocities of carbonyl sulphide and molecular hydrogen inferred from semi-continuous atmospheric observations in Gif-sur-Yvette, Paris region. Tellus B, 65, doi 10.3402/tellusb.v6Ri0.20719, 2013.

47. Launois, T., S. Belviso, L. Bopp, C.G. Fichot & P. Peylin. A new model for the global biogeochemical cycle of carbonyl sulfide - Part 1: Assessment of the direct marine emissions with an oceanic general circulation and biogeochemistry model. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 2295-2312, doi 10.5194/acp-15-2295-2015, 2015.

48. Launois, T., P. Peylin, S. Belviso & B. Poulter. A new model for the global biogeochemical cycle of carbonyl sulfide - Part 2: Use of carbonyl sulfide to constrain gross primary productivity in current vegetation models. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 9285-9312, doi 10.5194/acp-15-9285-2015, 2015.

49. Masotti, I., S. Belviso, L. Bopp, A. Tagliabue & E. Bucciarelli. Effects of light and phosphorous on summer DMS dynamics in subtropical waters using a global biogeochemical model. Environ. Chem. 13, 379–389,, 2016.

50. Lebegue, B., M. Schmidt, M. Ramonet, B. Wastine, C. Yver Kwok, O. Laurent, S. Belviso, A. Guemri, C. Philippon, J. Smith & S. Conil. Comparison of nitrous oxide (N2O) analyzers for high-precision measurements of atmospheric mole fractions. Atmos. Meas. Tech. 9, 1221-1238, doi:10.5194/amt-9-1221-2016, 2016.

51. Belviso, S., I. M. Reiter, B. Loubet, V. Gros, J. Lathière, D. Montagne, M. Delmotte, M. Ramonet, C. Kalogridis, B. Lebegue, N. Bonnaire, V. Kazan, T. Gauquelin, C. Fernandez & B. Genty. A top-down approach of surface carbonyl sulfide exchange by a Mediterranean oak forest ecosystem in Southern France. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 14909–14923, doi:10.5194/acp-16-14909-2016, 2016.

52. Campbell, J. E., J. A. Berry, U. Seibt, S. J. Smith, S. A. Montzka, T. Launois, S. Belviso, L. Bopp & M. Laine. Large historical growth in global terrestrial gross primary production. Nature 544, doi:10.1038/nature22030, 2017.

53. Campbell, J. E., J.Kesselmeier, D. Yakir, J. A. Berry, P. Peylin, S. Belviso, T. Vesala, K. Maseyk, U. Seibt, H. Chen, M. E. Whelan, T. W. Hilton, S. A. Montzka, M. B. Berkelhammer, S. T. Lennartz, L. Kuai, G. Wohlfahrt, Y. Wang, N. J. Blake, D. R. Blake, J. Stinecipher, I. Baker, and S. Sitch.  Assessing a new clue to how much carbon plants take up, Eos, 98,, 2017.

54. Whelan, M.E.; Lennartz, S.T.; Gimeno, T.E.; Wehr, R.; Wohlfahrt, G.; Wang, Y.; Kooijmans, L.M.J.; Hilton, T.W.; Belviso, S.; Peylin, P.; Commane, R.; Sun, W.; Chen, H.; Kuai, L.; Mammarella, I.; Maseyk, K.; Berkelhammer, M.; Li, K.-F.; Yakir, D.; Zumkehr, A.; Katayama, Y.; Ogée, J.; Spielmann, F.M.; Kitz, F.; Rastogi, B.; Kesselmeier, J.; Marshall, J.; Erkkilä, K.-M.; Wingate, L.; Meredith, L.K.; He, W.; Bunk, R.; Launois, T.; Vesala, T.; Schmidt, J.A., Fichot, C.G.; Seibt, U.; Saleska, S.; Saltzman, E.S.; Montzka, S.A.; Berry, J.A.; Campbell, J.E. Reviews and syntheses: Carbonyl sulfide as a multi-scale tracer for carbon and water cycles. Biogeosciences 2018, 15, 3625–3657.

55. Belviso S, Lebegue B, Ramonet M, Kazan V, Pison I, Berchet A, Delmotte M, Yver-Kwok C, Montagne D, and Ciais P (2020) A top-down approach of sources and non-photosynthetic sinks of carbonyl sulfide from atmospheric measurements over multiple years in the Paris region (France). PLoS ONE 15(2): e0228419.

56. Maignan F, Abadie C, Remaud M, Kooijmans LMJ, Kohonen K-M, Commane R, Wehr R, Campbell JE, Belviso S, Montzka SA, Raoult N, Seibt U, Shiga YP, Vuichard N, Whelan ME, and Peylin P (2021) Carbonyl sulfide: comparing a mechanistic representation of the vegetation uptake in a land surface model and the leaf relative uptake approach. Biogeosciences, 18, 2917–2955.

57. Serio C, Masiello G, Mastro P, Belviso S, and Remaud M (2021) Effect of degrees of freedom seasonality over time series and spatial patterns of atmospheric gases from satellite: application to carbonyl sulfide (OCS). SPIE Digital Forum, 13 - 17 September 2021.,

58. Remaud M, Chevallier F, Maignan F, Belviso S, Berchet A, Parouffe A, Abadie C, Bacour C, Lennartz S, and Peylin P. Plant gross primary production, plant respiration and carbonyl sulfide emissions over the globe inferred by atmospheric inverse modelling. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 22, 2525-2552, 2022.

59. Abadie, C., Maignan, F., Remaud, M., Ogée, J., Campbell, J. E., Whelan, M. E., Kitz, F., Spielmann, F. M., Wohlfahrt, G., Wehr, R., Sun, W., Raoult, N., Seibt, U., Hauglustaine, D., Lennartz, S. T., Belviso, S., Montagne, D., and Peylin, P.: Global modelling of soil carbonyl sulfide exchange, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 2525–2552.

60. Belviso S, Remaud M, Abadie C, Maignan F, Ramonet M, and Philippe Peylin (2022) Ongoing decline in the atmospheric COS seasonal cycle amplitude over Western Europe: implications for surface fluxes. Atmosphere, 13, 812.

61. Belviso S, Abadie C, Montagne D, Hadjar D, Tropée D, Vialettes L, Kazan V, Delmotte M, Maignan F, Remaud M, Ramonet M, Lopez M, Yver-Kwok C, and Ciais P (2022) Carbonyl sulfide (COS) emissions in two agroecosystems in central France. PLoS ONE 17(12): e0278584.

62. Belviso S, Pison I, Petit JE, Berchet A, Remaud M, Simon L, Ramonet M, Delmotte M, Kazan V, Yver-Kwok C, and Lopez M. (2023) The Z-2018 emissions inventory of COS in Europe: A semiquantitative multi-data-streams evaluation. Atmos. Environ. 300.

63. Remaud M., Ma J, Krol M, Abadie C, Cartwright MP, Patra P, Niwa Y, Rodenbeck C, Belviso S et al. (2023). Intercomparison of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide (TransCom-COS; part one): Evaluating the impact of transport and emissions on tropospheric variability using ground-based and aircraft data. J. Geophys. Res.: Atmospheres, 128, e2022JD037817.

64. Abadie C, Maignan F, Remaud M, Kohonen K-M, Sun W, Kooijmans L, Vesala T, Seibt U, Raoult N, Bastrikov V, Belviso S, and Peylin P (2023) Carbon and water fluxes of the boreal evergreen needleleaf forest biome constrained by assimilating ecosystem carbonyl sulfide flux observations. J. Geophys. Res: Biogeosciences, 128, e2023JG007407.

65. Ma J, Remaud M, Peylin P, Patra P, Niwa Y, Rödenbeck C, Cartwright M, Harrison J, Chipperfield M, Pope R, Wilson C, Belviso S et al. (2023) Intercomparison of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide (TransCom-COS; Part Two): Evaluation of optimized fluxes using ground-based and aircraft observations. Journal Geophy. Res.: Atmospheres, 128, e2023JD039198. https://doi.






Field work [PDF] (Laboratory experiments and oceanographic cruises)

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