nom_organisme nom_organisme nom_organisme nom_organisme



Philippe CIAIS



Associate Director

Sujets de recherche

Global carbon cycle studies


1986-1989 Graduate Studies at Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris

1988-1991 PhD in Paleoclimate Studies at Laboratoire de Géochimie Isotopique, Saclay, France

1992-1994 Post-Doctorate Fellowship in Atmospheric Sciences, Boulder, USA

1994-2003 Scientist at Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, France


 Current participation in research projects

Project                            Dates              Nature        Involvement

GEOMON -IP                   2007-2010           EU FP6                 CO

CARBOEUROPE-IP            2004-2008           EU FP6                 PI

TACOS                           2002-2005           EU FP5                 CO

CARBOEUROPE-CA           2002-2005           EU FP5                 PI

METHMONITEUR              2002-2005           EU FP5                CO-I

CHIOTTO                        2002-2005           EU FP5                CO-I

CAMELS                          2002-2005           EU FP5                CO-I

CARBOFOR                       2002-2004          GICC                   PI

CARBONATOR                      2002                CNES                  CO

YAK-AEROSIB                   2005-2008           NRS                    CO

CARBOCONTROLE-1          2000-2002           GICC                   CO

CARBOCONTROLE-2          2002-2004           GICC                   CO

CARBODATA                     2002-2003            EU FP5                 PI

AEROCARB                       2000-2003            EU FP5                CO

RECAB                             2000-2003            EU FP5                CO

GREENGRASS                   2001-2004            EU FP5                 PI

TCOS SIBERIA                  2001-2004            EU FP5                 PI

CAVASSOO                      2001-2004             EU FP5                 PI

CARIBIC                          2001-2005             EU FP5                 CO-I

COCO                              2001-2005             EU FP5                 PI

CARBOEUROPE AM             2001-2004             EU FP5                 PI

CARBOS                           2000-2004             EDF                     CO

PNEDC-CS                        1999-2000             INSU                    CO-I

FRAISE-PROOF                  1999-2002             INSU                    CO

FLAMENCO2                      2002-2003             INSU                    CO-I

RAMCES-CSOA                  1998-2000             INSU                    PI

EUROSIB-CARBONFLUX      1998-2001              EU FP4                  PI

RAMCES-ORE                        2002                  MRT                     PI

ESCOBA                           1995-1998              EU FP4                 CO-I

Publications scientifiques


Liste de publications
(les actes de colloques et abstracts de conférences ne sont pas listés)

Publications dans Nature, Science et PNAS

1. White, J.W.C., Ciais, P., Figge, R.A., Kenny, R and Markgraf, V. A high resolution CO2 record infered from carbon isotopes in peat, Nature, 367, 153-156, 1994.
2. Ciais, P., Tans, P.P., Trolier, M., White, J.W.C and Francey, R.J. A large northern hemisphere terrestrial CO2 sink indicated by the 13C/12C ratio of atmospheric CO2, Science, 269, 1017-1188, 1995.
3. Steffen, W., Noble, I., Canadel, J., Apps, M., Schultze, E.D., Jarbis, P., Baldocchi, D., Ciais, P., Cramer, W., Ehleringer, J., Farquhar, G., Field, C.B., Gifford, R and Heimann, M. The terrestrial carbon cycle : implications for the Kyoto protocol, Science, 280, 1393-1394, 1998.
4. Ciais P., Restless carbon pools, Nature, 398, 111-112, 1999.
5. Bousquet, P., Peylin, P., Ciais, P., Le Quere, C., Friedlingstein, P and Tans, P.P. Interannual changes in regional CO2 fluxes, Science, 1342-1346, 2000.
6. Schimel, D.S., House, J.I., Hibbard, K.A., Bousquet, P., Ciais, P., Peylin, P., Braswell, B.H., Apps, M.J., Baker, D., Bondeau, A., Canadell, J., Churkina, G., Cramer, W., Denning, A.S., Field, C.B., Friedlingstein, P., Goodale, C., Heimann, M., Houghton, R.A., Melillo, J.M., Moore III, B., Murdiyarso, D., Noble, I., Pacala, S.W., Prentice, I.C., Raupach, M.R., Rayner, P.J., Scholes, R.J., Steffen, W.L and Wirth, C. Recent patterns and mechanisms of carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems, Nature, Vol 414, 169-172, 2001.
7. Pacala, S.W., Hurtt, G.C., Baker. D., Peylin, P., Houghton, R.A., Birdsey, R.A., Heath, L., Sundquist, E.T., Stallard, R.F., Ciais, P., Moorcroft, P., Caspersen, J.P., Shevliakova, E., Moore, B., Kohlmaie, G., Holland, E., Gloor, M., Harmon, M.E., Fan, S.-M., Sarmiento, J.L., Goodale, C.L., Schimel, D and Field, C.B. Consistent land-and atmosphere – based U.S carbon sink estimates, Science, Vol 292, 2316 – 2320, 2001.
8. Peylin, P., Bousquet, P and Ciais, P. 2002. Inverse modeling of atmospheric carbon dioxide fluxes, Science, 294, 295a, 2001
9. Gurney, K R. Law, R.M. Denning, A.S. Rayner, P.J. Baker, D. Bousquet, P. Bruhwiller, L. Chen, Y-H., Ciais P., Fan, S. Fung, I.Y. Glorr, M. Heimann, M. Higuchi, K. John, J. Maki, T. Maksyutov, S. Masarie, K. Peylin, P. Prather, M. Pak, B.C. Randerson, J. Sarmiento, J. Taguchi, S. Takahashi, T and Yuen, C.W. Towards robust regional estimates of annual mean CO2 sources and sinks, Nature, 415, 2002.
10.  Janssens, I., Freibauer, A., Ciais, P., Smith, P., Nabuurs, G., Schlamadinger, B., Hutjes, R., Schulze, E., Ceulemans, E., Valentini, R and Dolman, J. Carbon uptake by European Ecosystems, Science, 2003.
11. Ciais, P; Reichstein, M; Viovy, N; Granier, A; Ogee, J; Allard, V; Aubinet, M; Buchmann, N; Bernhofer, C; Carrara, A; Chevallier, F; De Noblet, N; Friend, AD; Friedlingstein, P; Grunwald, T; Heinesch, B; Keronen, P; Knohl, A; Krinner, G; Loustau, D; Manca, G; Matteucci, G; Miglietta, F; Ourcival, JM; Papale, D; Pilegaard, K; Rambal, S; Seufert, G; Soussana, JF; Sanz, MJ; Schulze, ED; Vesala, T; Valentini, R"    Europe-wide reduction in primary productivity caused by the heat and drought in 2003 (2005), European-wide reduction in primary productivity caused by the heat and drought in 2003, Nature, 0028-0836, 4377058, 529-533, ISI:000232004800045, 2005
12.  Bousquet, P; Ciais, P; Miller, JB; Dlugokencky, EJ; Hauglustaine, DA; Prigent, C; Van der Werf, GR; Peylin, P; Brunke, EG; Carouge, C; Langenfelds, RL; Lathiere, J; Papa, F; Ramonet, M; Schmidt, M; Steele, LP; Tyler, SC; White, J Contribution of anthropogenic and natural sources to atmospheric methane variability, Nature, 0028-0836 443 7110, 439-443 ISI:000240798800042, 2006
13.  Piao, SL; Friedlingstein, P; Ciais, P; de Noblet-Ducoudre, N; Labat, D; Zaehle, S Changes in climate and land use have a larger direct impact than rising CO2 on global river runoff trends PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 0027-8424 104 39 15242 15247 ISI:000249806900015, 2007
14. Raupach, MR; Marland, G; Ciais, P; Le Quere, C; Canadell, JG; Klepper, G; Field, CB Global and regional drivers of accelerating CO2 emissions PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 0027-8424 104 24 10288 10293 ISI:000247363000066, 2007
15. Canadell P. Raupach, M. ; Field C. ; Buitenhuis E.T. ; Ciais P. ; Conway T.J. ; Gillet N. and Marland G. Contribution to acelerating CO2 grwth from economic activity, carbon intensity and efficiency of natural sinks . PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA oct 2007

Publications dans revues internationales à comité de lecture et facteur d’impact >1 (Rang A)

15. Ciais, P., Petit, J.R., Jouzel, J., Lorius, C., Barkov, N.I., Lipenkov, V and Nicolaïev, V. Evidence for an early Holocene climatic optimum in the Antarctic deep ice core record, Climate Dynamics, 6, 169-177, 1992.
16. Ciais, P and Jouzel, J. Deuterium and Oxygen 18 in precipitation : an Isotopic Model including Mixed Cloud Processes, Journal of Geophysical Research, 99 (D8), 16793-16803, 1994.
17. White, J.W.C., Figge, R.A., Markgraf, V., Kenny, R and Ciais, P. Late Pleistocene CO2 changes- reply Nature, 1994.
18. Ciais, P., Jouzel, J., Kotlyakov, V.M., Lipenkov, V.I., Lorius, C., Petit, J.R., Raynaud, D., Ritz, C., Markgraf, V and White, J.W.C. Holocene temperature variations inferred from six Antarctic ice cores, Annals of Glaciology, 20, 427-436, 1994
19. Ciais, P., Tans, P.P., White, J.W.C., Trolier, M., Francey, R., Berry, J., Randall, D., Sellers, P., Collatz, J and Schimel, D.S. Partitioning of the ocean and land uptake of CO2 from del13C measurements from the NOAA/CMDL global air sampling network, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, D3, 100, 5051-5069, 1995.
20. Ciais, P., Jouzel, J., White, J.W.C and Petit, J.R. The origin of present day antarctic precipitation from surface snow deuterium excess data, Journal Geophysical Research, 100 (D9), 18917-18927, 1995.
21.  Bousquet, P., Ciais, P., Monfray, P., Balkanski, Y., Ramonet, M and Tans, P.P. Influence of two atmospheric transport models in inferring sources and sinks of atmospheric CO2, Tellus, 48B, 568-582, 1996.
22.  Peylin, P., Ciais, P., Tans, P. P., Six, K., Berry, J.A and Denning, A.S. 18O in atmospheric CO2 simulated by a 3D transport model : a sensitivity study to vegetation and soil fractionation factors, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 21, 5-6, 463-469, 1996.
23.  Ericksson, D., Rash, P.J., Tans, P.P., Friedlingstein, P., Ciais, P., Maier-Reimer, E., Six, K., Fisher, C.A and Walters, S. The seasonal cycle of atmospheric CO2: a study based on the NCAR Community Climate Model (CCM2), Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 15079-15097, 1996.
24.  Bousquet, P., Gaudry, A., Ciais, P., Kazan, V., Monfray, P., Simmonds, P.G., Jennings, S.G and O'Connor, T.C. Atmospheric CO2 concentration variations recorded at Mace-Head, Ireland, from 1992 to 1994, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 21 (n°5-6), 477-481, 1997.
25.  Ciais, P., Denning, S., Tans, P.P., Berry, J.A., Randall, D., Collatz, J.G., Sellers, P.J., White, J.W.C., Trolier, M., Meijer, H.J., Francey, R., Monfray, P and Heimann, M. A three dimensionnal synthesis study of _18O in atmospheric CO2. Part 1 Surface fluxes, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 D5, 5857-5872, 1997.
26.  Ciais, P., Denning, S., Tans, P.P., Berry, J.A., Randall, D., Collatz, J.G., Sellers, P.J., White, J.W.C., Trolier, M., Meijer, H.J., Francey, R., Monfray, P and Heimann, M. A three dimensionnal synthesis study of _18O in atmospheric CO2. Part 2 Simulations with the atmospheric transport model TM2, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 D5, 5873-5884, 1997.
27.  Armengaud, A., Koster, R.D., Jouzel, J and Ciais, P. Deuterium excess in Greenland : analysis with simple and complex models, Journal of Geophysical Research, 103 (D8), 8947-8953, 1998.
28.  Derwent, R.G., Simmonds, P.G., O'Doherty, S., Ciais, P and Ryall, D.B. European source strengths and Northern hemisphere baseline concentrations of radiatively active trace gases at Mace Head, Ireland, Atmospheric Environment, 32, 3703-3715, 1998.
29.  Jean-Baptiste, P., Stievenard, M., Jouzel, J and Ciais, P. Experimental determination of the diffusion rate of deuterated water vapor in ice and application to the stable isotopes smoothing of ice cores, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 158, 81-90, 1998.
30.  Ciais P., Friedlingstein, P., Schimel, D.S and Tans, P.P. A global calculation of the _13C of soil respired CO2 : implications for the biospheric uptake of anthropogenic CO2, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 13, 519-530, 1999.
31.  Bousquet, P., Ciais, P., Peylin P., Ramonet, M and Monfray, P. Inverse modeling of annual atmospheric CO2 sources and sinks - 1: Method and control inversion, Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 26.161-26.178, 1999.
32.  Bousquet, P., Peylin, P., Ciais, P., Ramonet, M and Monfray, P. Inverse modeling of annual atmospheric CO2 sources and sinks - 2: Sensitivity study, Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 26.179-26.193, 1999.
33.  Peylin, P., Ciais, P., Denning, A.S., Tans, P.P., Berry, J.A and White, J.W.C. A three dimensional study of _18O in atmospheric CO2 : contribution of different land ecosystems, Tellus, 51B, 642-667, 1999.
34.  Peylin, P., Bousquet, P., Ciais, P and Monfray, P. Differences of CO2 flux estimates base on a time-dependent versus a time-dependent inversion method, In: Inverse methods in global biogeochemical cycles, AGU Monograph, Kasibhatla P.S. (Ed.), 114, 295-309, 1999.
35.  Boutin, J., Echeto, J and Ciais, P. Possible consequences of the chemical enhancement effect for air-sea CO2 flux estimates, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 24B, 411-416, 1999.
36.  Ciais P., Peylin P and Bousquet, P. Regional biosphere carbon fluxes as inferred from atmospheric CO2 measurements, Ecological Applications, 10, 6, 1574-1589, 2000.
37.  Botta, A., Viovy, N., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P and Monfray, P. A global prognostic scheme of vegetation growth onset using satellite data, Global Change Biology, 2000.
38.  Biraud S., Ciais P., Ramonet M., Simmonds, P., Kazan, V., Monfray, P and O'Doherty, S. European greenhouse gas emissions estimated from continuous atmospheric measurements and radon 222 at Mace Head, Ireland, Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 1351-1366, 2000.
39.  Masson, V., Vimeux, F., Jouzel, J., Morgan, V., Delmotte, M., Ciais, P., Hammer, C., Johnsen. S., Lipenkov, V.Y., Mosley-Thompson, E., Petit, J.R., Steig, E.J., Stievenard, M., and Vaikmae, R. Holocene climate variability in antarctica based on 11 ice-core isotopic records, Quaternary Research, 54, 348-358, 2000.
40.  Friedlingstein, P., Bopp, L., Ciais P., Dufresne, J.L., Fairhead, L., Le Treut, H., Monfray, P and Orr, J.C. Positive feedback between future climate change and the carbone cycle, Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 8, 1543-1546, 2001.
41.  Bolin, B., Sukumar, R., Ciais, P., Cramer, W., Jarvis, P., Kheshgi, H., Nobre, C., Semenov, S and Steffen, W. Global Perspective, In : Land Use land use Change and Forestry, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University, Press, 2001.
42.  Biraud, S., Ciais P., Ramonet M., Simmonds P., Kazan V., Monfray P., O’Doherty, S., Spain, G and Jennings, S.G. Quantification of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and chloroform emissions over Ireland from atmospheric observations at Mace-Head, Tellus, 54 B, 1, 2002.
43.  Berthelot, M., Friedlingstein, P. Ciais, P., Monfray, P., Dufresne, J.L., Le Treut, H and Fairhead, L. Global response of the terrestrial biosphere to CO2 and climate change using a coupled climate-carbon cycle model, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16, 4, 2002.
44.  Chevillard, A., Ciais, P., Karstens, U., Heimann, M., Schmidt, M., Levin, I., Jacob, D., Pozdun, R., Kazan, V., Sartorius, H and Veingardner, E. Transport of 222Rn using the regional model REMO-A detailed comparison with measurements over Europe, Tellus, D54, 5, 2002.
45.  Chevillard, A., Karstens, Ud., Ciais, P., Lafont, S and Heimann, M. Simulation of CO2 over Europe and Western Siberia using the regional scale model REMO, Tellus, D54, 5, 2002.
46.  Langendörfer, U., Cuntz, M., Ciais, P., Peylin, P., Bariac, T., MilYukova, I., Kolle, O., Naegler, T and Levin, I. Modelling of biospheric CO2 gross fluxes via oxygen isotopes in a spruce forest canopy: a 222Rn calibrated box model approach, Tellus ,D54, 5, 2002.
47.  Derwent, R., Ryall, D.B., Manning, A.J., Simmonds, P.G., Doherty, S., Biraud, S., Ciais, P., Ramonet, M and Jennings, S.G. Continuous observations of carbon dioxide at mace-Head Ireland, from 1995 to 1999 and its net European ecosystem exchange, Atmospheric Environment, 36, 2799-2807, 2002.
48.  Cuntz, M., Ciais, P and Hoffmann, G. Modelling the continental effect of oxygen isotopes over Eurasia, Tellus, D54, 5, 2002.
49.  Denning, A., Burney, K and Transcom3 modelers (dont Ciais, P.). On error estimation in atmosphéric CO2 inversion, Journal of Geophysical Research, 107, D22, 2002.
50.  Dufresne, J.L., Friedlingstein, P., Bopp, L., Ciais, P., Fairhead, l., LeTreut, H and Monfray, P. On the magnitude of positive feedback between future climate change and the carbon cycle, Geophysical Research Letters, 29, 2002.
51.  Peylin, P., Baker, D., Sarmiento, J., Ciais, P and Bousquet, P. Influence of transport uncertainty on annual mean and seasonal inversions of atmospheric CO2 data, Journal of Geophysical Research, 107 (D19), 4385, 2002.
52.  Levin, I., Ciais, P., Langenfeld, R., Schmidt, M., Ramonet, M., Sidorov, K., Tchebakova, N., Gloor, M., Heimann, M., Schulze, E., Vygodskaia, N., Shibistova, O and Lloyd, J. Two years of trace gas observations over the eurosiberian domain derived from aircraft sampling- a concerted action, Tellus, D54, 5, 2002.
53.  Ramonet, M., Ciais, P., Nepomniachii, I., Sidorov, K., Neubert, R., Langendorfer, U., Picard, D., Biraud, S., Gusti, M., Kolle, O., Schulze, E and Lloyd, J. Two years of aircraft based trace gas measurements over the Fyodorovskoye southern taiga forest 300km north west of Moscow, Tellus, D54, 5, 2002.
54.  Berthelot, M; Friedlingstein, P; Ciais, P; Monfray, P; Dufresne, JL; Le Treut, H; Fairhead, L Global response of the terrestrial biosphere to CO2 and climate change using a coupled climate-carbon cycle model Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16 (4) 0886-6236, 2002
55.  Prentice, I.C., Farquhar, G.D., Fasham, M.J.R., Goulden, M.L., Heimann, M., Jaramillo, V.J., Kheshgi, H.S., Le Quéré, C., Scholes, R.J., Wallace, D.W.R., Archer, D., Ashmore, M.R., Aumont, O., Baker, D., Battle, M., Bender, M., Bopp, L., Bousquet, P., Caldeira, K., Ciais, P., Cox, P.M., Cramer, W., Dentener, F., Enting, I.G., Field, C.B., Friedlingstein, P., Holland, E.A., Houghton, R.A., House, J.I., Ishida, A., Jain, A.K., Janssens, I.A., Joos, F., Kaminski, T., Keeling,C.D., Keeling, R.F., Kicklighter, D.W., Kohfeld, K.E., Knorr, W., Law, R., Lenton, T., Lindsay, K., Maier-Reimer, E., Manning, A.C., Matear, R.J., McGuire, A.D., Melillo, J.M., Meyer, R., Mund, M., Orr, J.C., Piper, S., Plattner, K., Rayner, P.J., Sitch, S., Slater, R., Taguchi, S., Tans, P.P., Tian, H.Q., Weirig, M.F., Whorf, T and Yool, A. The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide. In Climate Change 2001, the scientific basis, Intergovernmental panel on Climate Change,Cambridge, University Press, 2002.
56.  Cuntz,M., Ciais, P., Hoffmann, G and Knorr, W. A comprehensive global 3D model of 18O in atmospheric CO2. 1 validation of surface processes, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 D17, 0148-0227, 2003
57.  Cuntz, M., Ciais, P., Hoffmann, G., Allison, C., Francey. R., Knorr, W., Tans, P.P and White, J.W.C. A comprehensive global 3D model of 18O in atmospheric CO2. 2 mapping the atmospheric signal, Journal of Geophysical Research, 0148-0227, ISI:000185361500003, 2003.
58.  Gitz, V and Ciais, P. Land use change induced feedbacks on atmospheric CO2 levels, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2003.
59.  LeQuéré, C., Aumont, O., Bousquet, P., Ciais, P., Francey, R., Heimann, M., Keeling, R., Khesgi, H., Peylin, P., Piper, S., Prentice, C and Rayner, P. Two decades of ocean sink, Tellus B 55 ,649-656, 2003.
60.  Gurney, KR; Law, RM; Denning, AS; Rayner, PJ; Baker, D; Bousquet, P; Bruhwiler, L; Chen, YH; Ciais, P; Fan, SM; Fung, IY; Gloor, M; Heimann, M; Higuchi, K; John, J; Kowalczyk, E; Maki, T; Maksyutov, S; Peylin, P; Prather, M; Pak, BC; Sarmiento, J; Taguchi, S; Takahashi, T; Yuen, CW TransCom 3 CO2 inversion intercomparison: 1. Annual mean control results and sensitivity to transport and prior flux information. Tellus B, 55, 2 555-579, ISI:000182698400042, 2003
61.  Ogée, J., Peylin, P., Ciais, P., Bariac, T., Brunet, Y., Berbigier, P., Roche, C., Richard, P., Bardoux, G and Bonnefond, J.-M. Partitioning net ecosystem carbon exchange into net assimilation and respiration using 13CO2 measurements: a cost-effective sampling strategy, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 1538-1542 ; ISI:000183333100045, 2003.
62.  Rodgers, KB; Blanke, B; Madec, G; Aumont, O; Ciais, P; Dutay, JC Extratropical sources of equatorial Pacific upwelling in an OGCM. Geophysical Research Letters, 0094-8276, ISI:000182892800004, 2003               
63.  Aalto T, Chevillard A, Ciais P and Moulin, C. Optimal determination of the parameters controlling biospheric CO2 fluxes over Europe using eddy covariance fluxes and satellite NDVI measurements, Tellus B 2004.
64.  Gitz V. and Ph. Ciais Effet d’Amplification de l’usage des terres sur le CO2 atmosphérique, Compte Rendus Geosciences, 335, 16 1179-1198,  2004
65.  Schmitgen, S; Geiss, H; Ciais, P; Neininger, B; Brunet, Y; Reichstein, M; Kley, D; Volz-Thomas, A, Carbon dioxide uptake of a forested region in southwest France derived from airborne CO2 and CO measurements in a quasi-Lagrangian experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research, 0148-0227, 109 D14, D14302, ISI:000223189800001, 2004.
66.  Gitz V. and Ph. Ciais Future expansion of agriculture and pasture acts to amplify atmospheric CO2 levels in response to fossil fuel emissions, Climatic Change, 0165-0009, 2004
67.  Crisp, D., Atlas, R.M., Breon, F.-M., Brown, L.R., Burrows, J.P., Ciais, P., Connor, B.J., Doney, S.C., Fung, I.Y., Jacob, D.J., Miller, C.E., O’Brien, D., Pawson, S., Randerson, J.T., Rayner, P., Salawitch, R.J., Sander, S.P., Sen, B., Stephens, G.L., Tans, P.P., Toon, G.C., Wennberg, P.O., Wofsy, S.C., Yung, Y.L., Kuang, Z., Chudasama, B., Sprague, G., Weiss, B., Pollock, R., Kenyon, D and Schroll, S. The orbiting carbon observatory mission Advances in Space Research, 0273-1177, Sp. Iss. 700-709, ISI:000223618200004 2004   
68.  Ogee, J; Peylin, P; Cuntz, M; Bariac, T; Brunet, Y; Berbigier, P; Richard, P; Ciais, P Partitionning net ecosystem carbon exchange into net assimilation and respiration with canopy scale isotopic measurements : an error propagation analysis with 18OCO and 13COO measurements. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 0886-6236, GB201 ISI:000222325500001, 2004.
69.  Houweling, S; Breon, FM; Aben, I; Rodenbeck, C; Gloor, M; Heimann, M; Ciais, P., Inverse modeling of CO2 sources and sinks using satellite data: a synthetic inter-comparison of measurement techniques and their performance as a function of space and time. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics,. 4: p. 523-538. 2004
70.  de Noblet-Ducoudre, N; Gervois, S; Ciais, P; Viovy, N; Brisson, N; Seguin, B; Perrier, A. Coupling the Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Transfer Scheme ORCHIDEE to the agronomy model STICS to study the influence of croplands on the European carbon and water budgets Agronomie, 0249-5627, 2004
71.  Peylin, P; Bousquet, P; Le Quere, C; Sitch, S; Friedlingstein, P; McKinley, G; Gruber, N; Rayner, P; Ciais, P, Multiple constraints on regional CO2 flux variations over land and oceans. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 0886-6236, 19 (1) GB1011 ; ISI:000227065300001, 2004
72.  Canadell, JG; Ciais, P; Cox, P; Heimann, M Quantifying, understanding and managing the carbon cycle in the next decades Climatic Change, 0165-0009, 147-160 ISI:000227183600002, 2004
73.  Canadell, JG; Ciais, P; Cox, P; Heimann, M Quantifying terrestrial carbon sinks – Preface, Climatic Change 0165-0009, 145-146, ISI:000227183600001, 2004       
74.  Krinner, G; Viovy, N; de Noblet-Ducoudre, N; Ogee, J; Polcher, J; Friedlingstein, P; Ciais, P; Sitch, S; Prentice, IC. A dynamic global vegetation model for studies of the coupled atmosphere-biosphere system, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 0886-6236, ISI:000227525800001, 2005
75.  Folberth, G; Hauglustaine, DA; Ciais, P; Lathiere, J. On the role of atmospheric chemistry in the global CO2 budget. Geophysical Research Letters, 0094-8276, 32 (8) L08801; ISI:000228480200001, 2005
76.  Loustau, D; Bosc, A; Colin, A; Ogee, J; Davi, H; Francois, C; Dufrene, E; Deque, M; Cloppet, E; Arrouays, D; Le Bas, C; Saby, N; Pignard, G; Hamza, N; Granier, A; Breda, N; Ciais, P; Viovy, N; Delage, F. Modeling climate change effects on the potential production of French plains forests at the sub-regional level. Tree Physiology, 0829-318X, 813-823, ISI:000230164300006, 2005.
77.  Simmonds, PG; Manning, AJ; Derwent, RG; Ciais, P; Ramonet, M; Kazan, V; Ryall, D A burning question. Can recent growth rate anomalies in the greenhouse gases be attributed to large-scale biomass burning events? Atmospheric Environment, 1352-2310, 39 (14) 2513-2517 ; ISI:000229277700001, 2005
78.  Berthelot, M; Friedlingstein, P; Ciais, P; Dufresne, JL; Monfray, P. How uncertainties in future climate change predictions translate into future terrestrial carbon fluxes, Global Change Biology, 1354-1013, 11    6,959-97 ISI:000229427600011, 2005
79.  Chedin, A; Serrar, S; Scott, NA; Pierangelo, C; Ciais, P. Impact of tropical biomass burning emissions on the diurnal cycle of upper tropospheric CO2 retrieved from NOAA 10 satellite observations Journal of Geophysical Research, 0148-0227, 110    D11, D11309 ISI:000229988800006, 2005   
80.  Hoffmann G., C. Weber, Ph. Ciais, P Friedlingstein, M. Heimann, J. Jouzel, J. Kaduk, E. Maier-Reimer, U. Seibt and K. Six A model of the Earth’s Dole effect. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 18, GB 1008, 2004
81.  Gervois S., N. de Noblet-Ducoudré, N. Viovy, Ph. Ciais, N. Brisson, B. Seguin and A. Perrier Including croplands in a global biosphere model : methodology and evaluation at sites. Earth Interactions, 2004
82.  Gurney K.R., Rachel M. Law, A. Scott Denning, Peter J. Rayner, David Baker, Philippe Bousquet, Lori Bruhwiler, Yu-Han Chen, Ph. Ciais, Songmiao Fan, Inez Y. Fung, Manuel Gloor, Martin Heimann, Kaz Higuchi, Jasmin John, Takashi Maki, Shamil Maksyutov, Ken Masarie, Philippe Peylin, Michael Prather, Bernard C. Pak, James Randerson, Jorge Sarmiento, Shoichi Taguchi, Taro Takahashi, Chiu-Wai Yuen Transcom 3 inversion intercomparison: Model mean results for the estimation of seasonal carbon sources and sinks, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 18, GB1010, doi:10.1029/2003GB002111. 2004
83.  Bousquet, P; Hauglustaine, DA; Peylin, P; Carouge, C; Ciais, P. Two decades of OH variability as inferred by an inversion of atmospheric transport and chemistry of methyl chloroform, Atm. Chem. Phys., 5, 1679-1, 2005
84.  Peylin, P; Rayner, PJ; Bousquet, P; Carouge, C; Hourdin, F; Heinrich, P; Ciais, P Daily CO2 flux estimates over Europe from continuous atmospheric measurements: 1. Inverse methodology, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 5, 1647-1678, 2005.
85.  Baker, DF; Law, RM; Gurney, KR; Rayner, P; Peylin, P; Denning, AS; Bousquet, P; Bruhwiler, L; Chen, YH; Ciais, P; Fung, IY; Heimann, M; John, J; Maki, T; Maksyutov, S; Masarie, K; Prather, M; Pak, B; Taguchi, S; Zhu, Z TransCom 3 inversion intercomparison: Impact of transport model errors on the interannual variability of regional CO2 fluxes, 1988-2003, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 0886-6236, 20(1),     GB1002    , ISI:000234509600001, 2006
86.  Piao, S., J. Fang, L. Zhou, P. Ciais, B. Zhu. Variations in satellite derived phenology in China’s vegetation. Global Change Biology, 12, 1-14, 2006
87.  Chevallier, F., N. Viovy, M. Reichstein and P. Ciais, On the assignment of prior errors in bayesian inversions of CO2 surface fluxes, Geophysical Research Letters 33, 2006.
88.  Chevallier, F; Fisher, M; Peylin, P; Serrar, S; Bousquet, P; Breon, FM; Chedin, A; Ciais, P Inferring CO2 sources and sinks from satellite observations: Method and application to TOVS data. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 0148-0227, 110, D24, D24309 ISI:000234506500004, 2005
89.  Reichstein, M; Katterer, T; Andren, O; Ciais, P; Schulze, ED; Cramer, W; Papale, D; Valentini, R. Temperature sensitivity of decomposition in relation to soil organic matter pools: critique and outlook, Biogeosciences, 1726-4170, 2 (4) 317-321, 2005
90.  Janssens, IA; Freibauer, A; Schlamadinger, B; Ceulemans, R; Ciais, P; Dolman, AJ; Heimann, M; Nabuurs, GJ; Smith, P; Valentini, R; Schulze, ED. The carbon budget of terrestrial ecosystems at country-scale - a European case study, Biogeosciences, 1726-4170, 2(1) 15-26 ISI:000236194300003, 2005
91.  Patra, PK; Gurney, KR; Denning, AS; Maksyutov, S; Nakazawa, T; Baker, D; Bousquet, P; Bruhwiler, L; Chen, YH; Ciais, P; Fan, SM; Fung, I; Gloor, M; Heimann, M; Higuchi, K; John, J; Law, RM; Maki, T; Pak, BC; Peylin, P; Prather, M; Rayner, PJ; Sarmiento, J; Taguchi, S; Takahashi, T; Yuen, CW"    Sensitivity of inverse estimation of annual mean CO2 sources and sinks to ocean-only sites versus all-sites observational networks Geophysical research Letters, 0094-8276, 33(5)     L05814 ISI:000236330300006, 2006
92.  Naegler, T; Ciais, P; Rodgers, K; Levin, I"    Excess radiocarbon constraints on air-sea gas exchange and the uptake of CO2 by the oceans, Geophysical research Letters, 0094-8276, 33(11)    L11802, ISI:000238069000003, 2006
93.  Gitz, V; Hourcade, JC; Ciais, P The timing of biological carbon sequestration and carbon abatement in the energy sector under optimal strategies against climate risks. Energy Journal, 0195-6574, 27(3) 113-133, ISI:000238560000007, 2006
94.  Engelen, RJ; Denning, AS; Gurney, KR; Law, RM; Denning, AS; Rayner, PJ; Baker, D; Bousquet, P; Bruhwiler, L; Chen, YH; Ciais, P; Fan, S; Fung, IY; Gloor, M; Heimann, M; Higuchi, K; John, J; Maki, T; Maksyutov, S; Masarie, K; Peylin, P; Prather, M; Pak, BC; Sarmiento, J; Taguchi, S; Takahashi, T; Yuen, CW"    On error estimation in atmospheric CO2 inversions (vol 107, pg 4635, 2002). Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 0148-0227 111 D14 D14199 ISI:000239579200011, 2006           
95.  Rivier, L., P. Ciais, Hauglustaine, D., Balkwin, P. Bousquet, P., Peylin, P., Klonecki, A. Evaluation of SF6, C2Cl4 and CO as Surrogate Tracers for Fossil Fuel CO2 Using an Atmospheric Chemical Transport Model. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 2006
96.  Piao, SL; Friedlingstein, P; Ciais, P; Zhou, LM; Chen, AP Effect of climate and CO2 changes on the greening of the Northern Hemisphere over the past two decades GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 0094-8276 33 23 L23402 ISI:000242752800008, 2006
97.  Dolman, AJ; Noilhan, J; Durand, P; Sarrat, C; Brut, A; Piguet, B; Butet, A; Jarosz, N; Brunet, Y; Loustau, D; Lamaud, E; Tolk, L; Ronda, R; Miglietta, F; Gioli, B; Magliulo, V; Esposito, M; Gerbig, C; Korner, S; Glademard, R; Ramonet, M; Ciais, P; Neininger, B; Hutjes, RWA; Elbers, JA; Macatangay, R; Schrems, O; Perez-Landa, G; Sanz, MJ; Scholz, Y; Facon, G; Ceschia, E; Beziat, P The CarboEurope regional experiment strategy BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY 0003-0007, 2006
98.  Geels, C; Gloor, M; Ciais, P; Bousquet, P; Peylin, P; Vermeulen, AT; Dargaville, R; Aalto, T; Brandt, J; Christensen, JH; Frohn, LM; Haszpra, L; Karstens, U; Rodenbeck, C; Ramonet, M; Carboni, G; Santaguida, R Comparing atmospheric transport models for future regional inversions over Europe - Part 1: mapping the atmospheric CO2 signals ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS 1680-7316 7 13 3461 3479 ISI:000248733000006, 2007
99.  Piao, SL; Friedlingstein, P; Ciais, P; Viovy, N; Demarty, J Growing season extension and its impact on terrestrial carbon cycle in the Northern Hemisphere over the past 2 decades GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES 0886-6236 21 3 GB3018 ISI:000249851200001, 2007
100. J Szopa, S; Hauglustaine, DA; Ciais, P Relative contributions of biomass burning emissions and atmospheric transport to carbon monoxide interannual variability GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 0094-8276 34 18 L18810 ISI:000249684200001, 2007
101.  Jung, M; Le Maire, G; Zaehle, S; Luyssaert, S; Vetter, M; Churkina, G; Ciais, P; Viovy, N; Reichstein, M Assessing the ability of three land ecosystem models to simulate gross carbon uptake of forests from boreal to Mediterranean climate in Europe BIOGEOSCIENCES 1726-4170 4 647 656 ISI:000249046600014, 2007
102.  Demarty, J; Chevallier, F; Friend, AD; Viovy, N; Piao, S; Ciais, P Assimilation of global MODIS leaf area index retrievals within a terrestrial biosphere model GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 0094-8276 34 15 L15402 ISI:000248871500003, 2007
103.  Ciais, P; Manning, AC; Reichstein, M; Zaehle, S; Bopp, L Nitrification amplifies the decreasing trends of atmospheric oxygen and implies a larger land carbon uptake GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES 0886-6236 21 2 GB2030 ISI:000247682700001, 2007
104. Sarrat, C; Noilhan, J; Lacarrere, P; Donier, S; Lac, C; Calvet, JC; Dolman, AJ; Gerbig, C; Neininger, B; Ciais, P; Paris, JD; Boumard, F; Ramonet, M; Butet, A Atmospheric CO2 modeling at the regional scale: Application to the CarboEurope Regional Experiment JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES 0148-0227 112 D12 D12105 ISI:000247369600006, 2007
105.  Stephens, BB; Gurney, KR; Tans, PP; Sweeney, C; Peters, W; Bruhwiler, L; Ciais, P; Ramonet, M; Bousquet, P; Nakazawa, T; Aoki, S; Machida, T; Inoue, G; Vinnichenko, N; Lloyd, J; Jordan, A; Heimann, M; Shibistova, O; Langenfelds, RL; Steele, LP; Francey, RJ; Denning, AS Weak northern and strong tropical land carbon uptake from vertical profiles of atmospheric CO2 SCIENCE, 0036-8075 316 5832 1732 1735 ISI:000247400500043, 2007
106.  Gibert, F; Schmidt, M; Cuesta, J; Ciais, P; Ramonet, M; Xueref, I; Larmanou, E; Flamant, PH Retrieval of average CO2 fluxes by combining in situ CO2 measurements and backscatter lidar information JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES 0148-0227 112 D10 D10301 ISI:000246838800004, 2007
107.  Peylin, P; Breon, FM; Serrar, S; Tiwari, Y; Chedin, A; Gloor, M; Machida, T; Brenninkmeijer, C; Zahn, A; Ciais, P Evaluation of Television Infrared Observation Satellite (TIROS-N) Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS) spaceborne CO2 estimates using model simulations and aircraft data JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES 0148-0227 112 D9 D09313 ISI:000246838600002, 2007
108.  Santaren, D; Peylin, P; Viovy, N; Ciais, P Optimizing a process-based ecosystem model with eddy-covariance flux measurements: A pine forest in southern France GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES 0886-6236 21 2 GB2013 ISI:000246846100001, 2007
109.  Ciais, P; Bousquet, P; Freibauer, A; Naegler, T Horizontal displacement of carbon associated with agriculture and its impacts on atmospheric CO2 GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES 0886-6236 MAY 23 21 2 GB2014 ISI:000246846200001, 2007
110. J Perez-Landa, G; Ciais, P; Sanz, MJ; Gioli, B; Miglietta, F; Palau, JL; Gangoiti, G; Millan, MM Mesoscale circulations over complex terrain in the Valencia coastal region, Spain - Part 1: Simulation of diurnal circulation regimes ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS 1680-7316 7 7 1835 1849 ISI:000245747800009, 2007
111. J Perez-Landa, G; Ciais, P; Gangoiti, G; Palau, JL; Carrara, A; Gioli, B; Miglietta, F; Schumacher, M; Millan, MM; Sanz, MJ Mesoscale circulations over complex terrain in the Valencia coastal region, Spain - Part 2: Modeling CO2 transport using idealized surface fluxes ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS 1680-7316 7 7 1851 1868 ISI:000245747800010, 2007
112. J Vautard, R; Yiou, P; D'Andrea, F; de Noblet, N; Viovy, N; Cassou, C; Polcher, J; Ciais, P; Kageyama, M; Fan, Y Summertime European heat and drought waves induced by wintertime Mediterranean rainfall deficit GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 0094-8276 34 7 L07711 ISI:000245726400002, 2007
113. J Reichstein, M; Ciais, P; Papale, D; Valentini, R; Running, S; Viovy, N; Cramer, W; Granier, A; Ogee, J; Allard, V; Aubinet, M; Bernhofer, C; Buchmann, N; Carrara, A; Grunwald, T; Heimann, M; Heinesch, B; Knohl, A; Kutsch, W; Loustau, D; Manca, G; Matteucci, G; Miglietta, F; Ourcival, JM; Pilegaard, K; Pumpanen, J; Rambal, S; Schaphoff, S; Seufert, G; Soussana, JF; Sanz, MJ; Vesala, T; Zhao, M Reduction of ecosystem productivity and respiration during the European summer 2003 climate anomaly: a joint flux tower, remote sensing and modelling analysis GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 1354-1013 13 3 634 651 ISI:000245052800007, 2007
114. Granier, A; Reichstein, M; Breda, N; Janssens, IA; Falge, E; Ciais, P; Grunwald, T; Aubinet, M; Berbigier, P; Bernhofer, C; Buchmann, N; Facini, O; Grassi, G; Heinesch, B; Ilvesniemi, H; Keronen, P; Knohl, A; Kostner, B; Lagergren, F; Lindroth, A; Longdoz, B; Loustau, D; Mateus, J; Montagnani, L; Nys, C; Moors, E; Papale, D; Peiffer, M; Pilegaard, K; Pita, G; Pumpanen, J; Rambal, S; Rebmann, C; Rodrigues, A; Seufert, G; Tenhunen, J; Vesala, I; Wang, Q Evidence for soil water control on carbon and water dynamics in European forests during the extremely dry year: 2003 AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY 0168-1923 143 1-fév 123 145 ISI:000244824200009, 2007
115. Beer, C; Reichstein, M; Ciais, P; Farquhar, GD; Papale, D Mean annual GPP of Europe derived from its water balance GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 0094-8276 34 5 L05401 ISI:000244897200007, 2007
116. Naegler, T; Ciais, P; Orr, JC; Aumont, O; Rodenbeck, C On evaluating ocean models with atmospheric potential oxygen TELLUS SERIES B-CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL METEOROLOGY 0280-6509, 59 1 138 156 ISI:000243681100012, 2007
117. Vuichard, N; Soussana, JF; Ciais, P; Viovy, N; Ammann, C; Calanca, P; Clifton-Brown, J; Fuhrer, J; Jones, M; Martin, C Estimating the greenhouse gas fluxes of European grasslands with a process-based model: 1. Model evaluation from in situ measurements GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES 0886-6236 21 1 GB1004 ISI:000243849200001, 2007
118. Vuichard, N; Ciais, P; Viovy, N; Calanca, P; Soussana, JF Estimating the greenhouse gas fluxes of European grasslands with a process-based model: 2. Simulations at the continental level GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES 0886-6236 21 1 GB1005 ISI:000243849200002, 2007
119. V. Gitz, P. Ambrosi, B. Magné and P. Ciais Is there an optimal timing for sequestration to stabilize future climate? AGU Monograph, in press, 2007

Autres publications (Livres, monographies, chapitres d’ouvrages)

120. Ciais, P., Forages profonds et sites côtiers en Antarctique: données isotopiques et climat des 15,000 dernières années, PhD thesis, Univ. Paris VI, 1991.
121. Ciais, P., Francey, R.J., Tans, P.P., White, J.W.C and Trolier, M. An analytical error estimate on the ocean and land CO2 uptake using 13C observations in the atmosphere, in NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL CMDL 8, 1995.
122. Figge, R., White, J.W.C., Markgraf, V., Ciais, P and Kenny, R. A high-resolution atmospheric CO2 record from carbon isotopes in a peat core from Harberton, Argentina, ORSTOM, La Paz, 1995.
123. Gaudry, A., Trolier, M., Flehoc, C., Ciais, P and Monfray, P. Preliminary comparison of d13C measurements in CO2 from Mace-Head, Ireland, CMDL Summary Report 1994-95, 23, 118-121, 1996.
124. Biraud, S., Ciais, P., Bourg, C and Monfray, P. CO2 measurements over Western Atlantic Europe (AB0124), in Fifth International Carbon Dioxide Conference, edited by CSIRO, pp. 37, Cairns, Australia, 1997.
125. Bousquet, P., Ciais, P and Monfray, P. Inter-annual variability of CO2 sources and sinks at mid-latitudes of the northern hemisphere, in Fifth International Carbon Dioxide Conference, edited by CSIRO, Cairns, Australie, 1997.
126. Heimann, M., Ciais, P and Dedieu, K. ESCOBA : an European Community project to study the global carbon cycle, Brussels, Press, 1998.
127. Bourg, C and Ciais, P. Mesure haute précision par spectrométrie de masse des rapports isotopiques d13 C et _18O du dioxide de carbone, Rapport CEA R 5796, 1998.
128. Bourg, C and Ciais, P. Mesure automatisée de la concentration en CO2 d’air atmosphérique prélevé dans des flacons, Rapport CEA R 5873, 1999.
129. Pépin, L., Schmidt, M., Ramonet, M., Worthy, D.E.J and Ciais, P. A new gas chromatographic experiment to analyze greenhouse gases in flask samples and in ambient air in the region of Saclay, Notes n° 13 des activités instrumentales, Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, Septembre 2001.
130. Dolman, H., Freibauer, A., Ciais, P., Cox, P., Grance, J., Valentini, R., Schlamadinger, B., Vermeulen, A., Schulze, E.D., Soussana, J.F., Kabat, P., Hutjes, R and Heimann, M. Carboeurope A cluster of projects to understand and quantify the carbon balance of Europe, Septembre 2002.
131. Gervois, S., Viovy, N., Noblet, N., Ciais, P., Brisson, N and Seguin, B. Vers une meilleure prise en compte des surfaces cultivées dans le modèke global de biosphere ORCHIDEE: couplage avec le modèle agronomique STICS. Notes de modélisation de l’IPSL, 2003.


Master degree classes (M2) at University Paris 6

Master degree classes (M2) at University Versailles-St Quentin


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