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Christophe Rabouille

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Research activity

Researcher, Director of Research

Research interests

Aquatic biogeochemistry, early diagenesis of sediments, river-sea interface, biogeochemistry in coastal seas, in situ measurements using microsensors, diaganetic modelling 



International experience

Professionnal activities

Member of the RiOMar group (RiOMar Conference, 2004); reviewer of scientific journals such as L&O, ECSS, Biogeosciences, GCA, DSR, CSR

Ongoing programmes

PPR-RiOMar: Observing and anticipating the evolution of River-dominated ocean margins in the 21st century


Selected publications

Nmor, S., E. Viollier, L. Pastor, B. Lansard, C. Rabouille, and K. Soetaert (2022), Exploring temporal variations of sediment biogeochemistry under the influence of flood events using numerical modelling, Geo Mod. Dev., 15, 7325–7351, doi:

Dumoulin, J.-P., C. Rabouille, S. Pourtout, B. Bombled, B. Lansard, I. Caffy, S. Hain, M. Perron, M. Sieudat, B. Thellier, E. Delqué-Kolic, C. Moreau, and L. Beck (2022), Identification in pore waters of recycled sediment organic matter using the dual isotopic composition of carbon (δ13C and ?14C): New data from the continental shelf influenced by the Rhône River., Radiocarbon.

Ratmaya, W., A. M. Laverman, C. Rabouille, Z. Akbarzadeh, F. Andrieux-Loyer, L. Barillé, A. Barillé, Y. Le Merrer, and P. Souchu (2022), Temporal and spatial variations in benthic nitrogen cycling in a temperate macro-tidal coastal ecosystem: Observation and modeling, Continent. Shelf Res., 235, 104649, doi:

Sales de Freitas, F., P. A. Pika, S. Kasten, B. B. Jorgensen, J. Rassmann, C. Rabouille, S. Thomas, H. Sass, R. D. Pancost, and S. Arndt (2021), New insights into large-scale trends of apparent organic matter reactivity in marine sediments and patterns of benthic carbon transformation, Biogeosc., 18, 4651–4679, doi:

Ait Ballagh, F. E., C. Rabouille, F. Andrieux-Loyer, K. Soetaert, B. Lansard, B. Bombled, G. Monvoisin, K. Elkalay, and K. Khalil (2021), Spatial variability of organic matter and phosphorus cycling in Rhône River prodelta sediments (NW Mediterranean Sea, France): a data-model approach, Estuar. Coast, doi:

Brigolin, D., C. Rabouille, C. Demasy, B. Bombled, G. Monvoisin, and R. Pastres (2021), Early diagenesis in sediments of the Venice lagoon (Italy) and its relationship to hypoxia, Front. Mar. Sci., 7, 575547, doi:

Grégoire, M., V. Garcon, H. Garcia, D. L. Breitburg, K. Isensee, A. Oschlies, M. Telszewski, [...], C. Rabouille, and [...] (2021), A global ocean oxygen database and atlas for assessing and predicting deoxygenation and ocean health in the open and coastal ocean, Front. Mar. Sci., 8, 724913, doi:doi: 10.3389/fmars.2021.724913.

Rabouille, C., B. Lansard, S. Owings, N. N. Rabalais, B. Bombled, E. Metzger, J. Richirt, E. M. Eitel, A. Boever, J. Beckler, and M. Taillefert (2021), Early diagenesis in the hypoxic and acidified zone of the northern Gulf of Mexico: is organic matter recycling in sediments disconnected from the water column?, Front. Mar. Sci., 604330 doi:

Owings, S., L. Brethous, E. M. Eitel, B. P. Fields, A. Boever, J. Beckler, B. Bombled, B. Lansard, E. Metzger, C. Rabouille, and M. Taillefert (2021), Differential manganese and iron recycling and transport in continental margin sediments of the Northern Gulf of Mexico Mar. Chem., 229, 103908, doi:

Pruski, A. M., J. Rzeznik-Orignac, P. Kerhervé, G. Vétion, S. Bourgeois, E. Peru, P. Brosset, F. Toussaint, and C. Rabouille (2021), Dynamic of organic matter and meiofaunal community on a river-dominated shelf (Rhône prodelta, NW Mediterranean Sea): Responses to river regime, Est. Coast. Shelf Sci., 21, 107274, doi:

Baudin, F., C. Rabouille, and B. Dennielou (2020), Routing of terrestrial organic matter from the Congo River to the ultimate sink in the abyss: a mass balance approach, Geol. Belg., 23(1-2), 41-52, doi:

Capet, A., P. Cook, E. Garcia-Robledo, B. Hoogakker, A. Paulmier, C. Rabouille, and R. Vaquer-Sunyer (2020), Editorial: Facing Marine Deoxygenation, Frontiers in Marine Science, doi:

Ait Ballagh, F. E., C. Rabouille, F. Andrieux-Loyer, K. Soetaert, K. Elkalay, and K. Khalil (2020), Spatio-temporal dynamics of sedimentary phosphorus along two temperate eutrophic estuaries: a data-modelling approach, Cont. Shelf Res., 193, 104037, doi:

Rassmann, J., E. Eitel, C. Cathalot, C. Brandily, B. Lansard, M. Taillefert, and C. Rabouille (2020), Benthic alkalinity and DIC fluxes in the Rhône River prodelta generated by decoupled aerobic and anaerobic processes, Biogeosciences, 17, 13-33, doi:

Rabouille, C., B. Dennielou, F. Baudin, M. Raimonet, L. Droz, A. Khripounoff, P. Martinez, L. Mejanelle, P. Michalopoulos, L. Pastor, A. Pruski, O. Ragueneau, J. L. Reyss, L. Ruffine, J. Schnyder, E. Stetten, M. Taillefert, J. Tourolle, and K. Olu (2019), Carbon and silica megasink in deep-sea sediments near the Congo Canyon, Quater. Sci. Rev., doi:

Laruelle, G. G., A. Marescaux, R. Le Gendre, J. Garnier, C. Rabouille, and V. Thieu (2019), Carbon dynamics along the Seine River network: insight from a coupled estuarine/river modeling approach, Frontiers in Marine Science, doi:doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00216.

Bartl, I., D. Helleman, C. Rabouille, K. Schulz, P. Tallberg, S. Hietanen, and M. Voss (2019), Particulate organic matter controls benthic microbial  N retention and N removal in contrasting estuaries of the Baltic Sea, Biogeosci., 16, 3543–3564, doi:

Brigolin, D., Rabouille, C., Bombled, B., Colla, S., Vizzini, S., Pastres, R. and Pranovi, F. (2018) Modelling biogeochemical processes in sediments from the north western Adriatic Sea: response to enhanced particulate organic carbon fluxes. Biogeosciences 15, 1347–1366.

Wu, J., Rabouille, C., Charmasson, S., Reyss, J.L. and Cagnat, X. (2018) Constraining the origin of recently deposited particles using natural radionuclides 7Be and 234Thex in deltaic sediments. Contin. Shelf Res. 165, 106–119.

Burgos, M., Ortega, T., Bohoquez, J., Corzo, A., Rabouille, C. and Forja, J. (2018) Seasonal variation of early diagenesis and greenhouse gas production in coastal sediments of Cadiz Bay:

Dumoulin, J.-P., Pozzato, L., Rassmann, J., Toussaint, F., Fontugne, M., Tisnérat-Laborde, N., Beck, L., Caffy, I., Delqué-Kolic, E., Moreau, C. and Rabouille, C. (2018) Isotopic signature (d13C, D14C) of DIC in sediment porewaters: an example from the Rhone River Delta. Radiocarbon 60, 1465-1481.

Khalil, K., Laverman, A.M., Raimonet, M. and Rabouille, C. (2018) Importance of denitrification in benthic carbon mineralization in two eutrophic estuaries: modeling, observations and laboratory experiments. Mar. Chem. 199, 24-36.influence of anthropogenic activities. Estuar. Coast. shelf Sci. 200, 99 - 115.

Pozzato, L., Rassmann, J., Lansard, B., Dumoulin, J.-P., van Brugel, P. and Rabouille, C. (2018) Origin of remineralized organic matter in sediments from the Rhone River prodelta (NW Mediterranean) traced by Δ14C and δ13C signatures of pore water DIC. Progr. Oceano. 163, 112-122.

Raimonet, M., Thieu, V., Silvestre, M., Oudin, L., Rabouille, C., Vautard, R. and Garnier, J. (2018) Landward perspective of coastal eutrophication potential under future climate change: the Seine River case (France). Frontiers in Marine Science 5.

Rassmann, J., Lansard, B., Gazeau, F., Guidi-Guilvard, L., Pozzato, L., Alliouane, S., Grenz, C. and Rabouille, C. (2018) Impact of ocean acidification on the biogeochemistry and meiofaunal assemblage of carbonate-rich sediments: results from core incubations (Bay of Villefranche, NW Mediterranean Sea). Mar Chem. 203, 102–119.

Baudin, F., Martinez, P., Dennielou, B., Charlier, K., Marsset, T., Droz, L. and Rabouille, C. (2017) Organic carbon accumulation in modern sediments of the Angola basin influenced by the Congo deep sea fan. Deep-Sea Res. II: Top. Stud. Oceanorgr. 142, 64-74.

Lessin, G., Artioli, Y., Almroth-Rosell, E., Blackford, J.C., Dale, A.W., Glud, R.N., Middelburg, J.J., Pastres, R., Queirós, A.M., Rabouille, C., Regnier, P., Soetaert, K., Solidoro, C., Stephens, N. and Yakushev, E. (2018) Modelling Marine Sediment Biogeochemistry: Current Knowledge Gaps, Challenges, and Some Methodological Advice for Advancement. Frontiers in Marine Science 5.

Pastor, L., Rabouille, C., Metzger, E., Thibault de Chanvalon, A., Viollier, E. and Deflandre, B. (2018) Transient early diagenetic processes in Rhône prodelta sediments revealed in contrasting flood events. Contin. Shelf Res. 166, 65-76.

Rabouille, C., Baudin, F., Dennielou, B. and Olu, K. (2017) Organic carbon transfer and ecosystem functioning in the terminal lobes of the Congo deep-sea fan: outcomes of the Congolobe project. Deep-Sea Res. (II): Top. Stud.Oceanogr. 142, 1-6.

Congolobe group, Rabouille, C., Olu, K., Baudin, F., Khripounoff, A., Dennielou, B., Arnaud-Haon, S., Babonneau, N., Bayle, C., Beckler, J., Bessette, S., Bombled, B., Bourgeois, S., Brandily, C., Caprais, J.C., Cathalot, C., Charlier, K., Corvaisier, R., Croguennec, C., Cruaud, P., Decker, C., Droz, L., Gayet, N., Godfroy, A., Hourdez, S., Le Bruchec, J., Le Saout, J., Lesaout, M., Lesongeur, F., Martinez, P., Mejanelle, L., Michalopoulos, P., Mouchel, O., Noel, P., Picot, M., Pignet, P., Pozzato, L., Pruski, A., Rabiller, M., Raimonet, M., Ragueneau, O., Reyss, J.L., Rodier, P., Ruesh, B., Ruffine, L., Savignac, F., Senyarich, C., Schnyder, J., Sen, A., Stetten, E., Sun, M.Y., Taillefert, M., Teixeira, S., Tisnerat-Laborde, N., Toffin, L., Toussaint, F., Vétion, G., Jouanneau, J.M. and Bez, M. (2017) The Congolobe project, a multidisciplinary study of Congo deep-sea fan lobe complex: Overview of methods, strategies, observations and sampling. Deep-Sea Res. (II) Topic. Stud. in Oceanogr. 142.

Moriarty, J.M., Harris, C.K., Fennel, K., Friedrichs, M.A.M., Xu, K. and Rabouille, C. (2017) The roles of resuspension, diffusion and biogeochemical processes on oxygen dynamics offshore of the Rhône River, France: a numerical modeling study. Biogeosc. 14, 1919–1946.

Olu, K., Decker, C., Pastor, L., Caprais, J.C., Khripounoff, A., Morineaux, M., Ain Baziz, M., Menot, L. and Rabouille, C. (2017) Cold-seep-like macrofaunal communities in organic- and sulfide-rich sediments of the Congo deep-sea fan. Deep-Sea Res. (II) Topic. Stud. in Oceanogr. 142, 180-196.

Pastor, L., Toffin, L., Decker, C., Olu, K., Lesongeur, F., Caprais, J.C., Bessette, S., Cathalot, C., Brandily, C., Taillefert, M. and Rabouille, C. (2017) Early diagenesis in the Congo deep-sea fan sediments dominated by massive terrigenous deposits: Part III –Sulfate- and methane-based microbial processes. Deep-Sea Res. II: Top. Stud. Oceanorgr. 142, 139-150.

Pozzato, L., Cathalot, C., Berrached, C., Toussaint, F., Stetten, E., Caprais, J.C., Pastor, L., Olu, K. and Rabouille, C. (2017) Early diagenesis in the Congo deep-sea fan sediments dominated by massive terrigenous deposits: Part I - Oxygen consumption and organic carbon mineralization using a micro-electrode approach. Deep-Sea Res. (II): Top. Stud.Oceanogr. 142, 125-138.

Stetten, L., Mangeret, A., Brest, J., Seder-Colomina, M., Le Pape, P., Ikogou, M., Zeyen, N., Thouvenot, A., Julien, A., Alcade, G., Reyss, J.L., Bombled, B., Rabouille, C., Olivi, L., Proux, O., Cazala, C. and Morin, G. (2018) Geochemical control on the reduction of U(VI) to mononuclear U(IV) species in lacustrine sediments. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 222, 171-186.

Taillefert, M., Beckler, J., Cathalot, C., Michalopoulos, P., Corvaisier, R., Kiriazis, N., Caprais, J.C., Pastor, L. and Rabouille, C. (2017) Early diagenesis in the sediments of the Congo 1 deep-sea fan dominated by massive terrigenous deposits: Part II - Iron-sulfur coupling. Deep-Sea Res. (II) Topic. Stud. in Oceanogr. 142, 151-166.

Rassmann, J., Lansard, B., Pozzato, L. and Rabouille, C. (2016) Carbonate chemistry in sediment pore waters of the Rhône River delta driven by early diagenesis (NW Mediterranean). Biogeosc. 13, 5379–5394.

Cathalot, C., Rabouille, C., Sauter, E., Schewe, I. and Soltwedel, T. (2015) Benthic oxygen uptake in the Arctic Ocean margins -  A case study at the deep-sea observatory HAUSGARTEN (Fram Strait). PlosOne DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0138339.

Levin, L.A., Liu, K.K., Emeis, C., Breitburg, D.L., Cloern, J., Deutsch, C., Giani, M., Goffart, A., Hofmann, E.E., Lachkar, Z., Limburg, K., Liu, S.M., Montes, E., Naqvi, W., Ragueneau, O., Rabouille, C., Sarkar, S.K., Swaney, D.P., Wassman, P. and Wishner, K.F. (2015) Comparative biogeochemistry-ecosystem-human interactions on dynamic continental margins. J. Mar. Sys. 141, 3-17.

Toussaint, F., Rabouille, C., Cathalot, C., Bombled, B., Abchiche, A., Aouji, O., Buchholzt, G., Clemençon, A., Geyskens, N., Répécaud, M., Pairaud, I., Verney, R. and Tisnérat-Laborde, N. (2014) A new device to follow temporal variations of oxygen demand in deltaic sediments: the LSCE benthic station. Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 12, 729-741.

Cathalot, C., Rabouille, C., Tisnerat-Laborde, N., Toussaint, F., Kerherve, P., Buscail, R., Loftis, K., Sun, M.Y., Tronczynski, J., Azoury, S., Lansard, B., Treignier, C., Pastor, L. and Tesi, T. (2013) The fate of river organic carbon in coastal areas: A study in the Rhone River delta using multiple isotopic (delta C-13, Delta C-14) and organic tracers. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 118, 33-55.

Cathalot, C., Lansard, B., Hall, P.O.J., Tengberg, A., Almroth-Rosell, E., Apler, A., Calder, L., Bell, E. and Rabouille, C. (2012) Spatial and Temporal Variability of Benthic Respiration in a Scottish Sea Loch Impacted by Fish Farming: A Combination of In Situ Techniques. Aquatic Geochemistry 18, 515-541.

Mermex group, de Madron, X.D., Guieu, C., Sempere, R., Conan, P., Cossa, D., D'Ortenzio, F., Estournel, C., Gazeau, F., Rabouille, C., Stemmann, L., Bonnet, S., Diaz, F., Koubbi, P., Radakovitch, O., Babin, M., Baklouti, M., Bancon-Montigny, C., Belviso, S., Bensoussan, N., Bonsang, B., Bouloubassi, I., Brunet, C., Cadiou, J.F., Carlotti, F., Chami, M., Charmasson, S., Charriere, B., Dachs, J., Doxaran, D., Dutay, J.C., Elbaz-Poulichet, F., Eleaume, M., Eyrolles, F., Fernandez, C., Fowler, S., Francour, P., Gaertner, J.C., Galzin, R., Gasparini, S., Ghiglione, J.F., Gonzalez, J.L., Goyet, C., Guidi, L., Guizien, K., Heimbuerger, L.E., Jacquet, S.H.M., Jeffrey, W.H., Joux, F., Le Hir, P., Leblanc, K., Lefevre, D., Lejeusne, C., Leme, R., Loye-Pilot, M.D., Mallet, M., Mejanelle, L., Melin, F., Mellon, C., Merigot, B., Merle, P.L., Migon, C., Miller, W.L., Mortier, L., Mostajir, B., Mousseau, L., Moutin, T., Para, J., Perez, T., Petrenko, A., Poggiale, J.C., Prieur, L., Pujo-Pay, M., Pulido, V., Raimbault, P., Rees, A.P., Ridame, C., Rontani, J.F., Pino, D.R., Sicre, M.A., Taillandier, V., Tamburini, C., Tanaka, T., Taupier-Letage, I., Tedetti, M., Testor, P., Thebault, H., Thouvenin, B., Touratier, F., Tronczynski, J., Ulses, C., Van Wambeke, F., Vantrepotte, V., Vaz, S. and Verney, R. (2011) Marine ecosystems' responses to climatic and anthropogenic forcings in the Mediterranean. Progress in Oceanography 91, 97-166.

Pastor, L., Cathalot, C., Deflandre, B., Viollier, E., Soetaert, K., Meysman, F.J.R., Ulses, C., Metzger, E. and Rabouille, C. (2011) Modeling biogeochemical processes in sediments from the Rhone River prodelta area (NW Mediterranean Sea). Biogeosciences 8, 1351-1366.

Cathalot, C., Rabouille, C., Pastor, L., Deflandre, B., Viollier, E., Buscail, R., Gremare, A., Treignier, C. and Pruski, A. (2010) Temporal variability of carbon recycling in coastal sediments influenced by rivers: assessing the impact of flood inputs in the Rhone River prodelta. Biogeosciences 7, 1187-1205.

Lansard, B., Rabouille, C., Denis, L. and Grenz, C. (2009) Benthic remineralization at the land-ocean interface: A case study of the Rhone River (NW Mediterranean Sea). Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 81, 544-554.

Rabouille, C., Caprais, J.C., Lansard, B., Crassous, P., Dedieu, K., Reyss, J.L. and Khripounoff, A. (2009) Organic matter budget in the Southeast Atlantic continental margin close to the Congo Canyon: In situ measurements of sediment oxygen consumption. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography 56, 2223-2238.

Rabouille, C., Conley, D.J., Dai, M.H., Cai, W.J., Chen, C.T.A., Lansard, B., Green, R., Yin, K., Harrison, P.J., Dagg, M. and McKee, B. (2008) Comparison of hypoxia among four river-dominated ocean margins: The Changjiang (Yangtze), Mississippi, Pearl, and Rhone rivers. Continental Shelf Research 28, 1527-1537.

Dedieu, K., Rabouille, C., Gilbert, F., Soetaert, K., Metzger, E., Simonucci, C., Jezequel, D., Prevot, F., Anschutz, P., Hulth, S., Ogier, S., Mesnage, V., 2007. Coupling of carbon, nitrogen and oxygen cycles in sediments from a Mediterranean lagoon: a seasonal perspective. Mar. Ecol. prog. Series 346, 45-59.

Dedieu, K., Rabouille, C., Thouzeau, G., Jean, F., Chauvaud, L., Clavier, J., Mesnage, V., Ogier, S., 2007. Benthic O2 distribution and dynamics in a Mediterranen lagoon (Thau, France): An in-situ microelectrode study. Est. Coast. Shelf Sci. 72, 393-405.

Khalil, K., Rabouille, C., Gallinari, M., Soetaert, K., DeMaster, D.J., Ragueneau, O., 2007. Constraining biogenic silica dissolution in marine sediments: a comparison between diagenetic models and experimental dissolution rates. Mar. Chem. 106, 223-238.

Rabouille, C., Amouroux, D., Anschutz, P., Gilbert, F., Jouanneau, J.-M., Cossa, D., Prevot, F., 2007. Biogeochemical and contaminant cycling in sediments from a human-impacted coastal lagoon - introduction and summary. Est. Coast. Shelf Sci. 72, 387-392.

Rabouille, C., Denis, L., Dedieu, K., Stora, G., Lansard, B., Grenz, C., 2003. Oxygen demand in coastal marine sediments: comparing in situ microelectrodes and laboratory core incubations. J. Exper. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 285/286, 49-69.

Rabouille, C., Tisnerat, N., Blamart, D., 2002. D14C of the organic matter in sediments from the Antarctic Polar Front: origin and dynamics of the organic pool in the deep-sea. Deep-Sea Res. (II) 49, 1953-1961.

Rabouille, C., Stahl, H., Bassinot, F., Hall, P., Tengberg, A., Brunnegard, J., Kariakoulakis, K., Reyss, J.-L., Dezileau, L., Crassous, P., Roos, P., Lampitt, R., 2001. Imbalance in the carbonate budget of surficial sediments in the North Atlantic Ocean: millenium time scale variation? Progr. Oceanogr. 50, 201-221.

Rabouille, C., Witbaard, R., Duineveld, G., 2001. Annual and interannual variability of sedimentary recycling in the North Atlantic Ocean (BENGAL site) studied with a non-steady-state model. Progr. Oceanogr. 50, 147-170.

Rabouille, C., Gaillard, J.-F., Relexans, J.-C., Treguer, P., Vincendeau, M.-A., 1998. Recycling of organic matter in Antarctic sediments: A transect through the Polar front in the Southern Ocean (Indian Sector). Limnol. Oceanogr. 43, 420-432.

Rabouille, C.,Gaillard, J.-F., 1991. A model representing the deep-sea organic carbon mineralization and oxygen consumption in surficial sediments. Journal of Geophysical Research 96, 2761-2776.

Rabouille, C.,Gaillard, J.-F., 1991. Towards the EDGE: Early Diagenetic Global Explanation. A model depicting the early diagenesis of organic matter, O2, NO3, Mn, and PO4. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 55, 2511-2525.


2010-2016: Master of oceanography, at UPMC-Paris. 8 hours/yr on early diagenesis from the data to models.

2004-2010: Master of Physics in the environment, University of Versailles (UVSQ). 20 hours/yr on chemical microsensors in the aquatic environment.

1995-2003: Master of Oceanography, University of Aix-Marseille. 20 hours/yr on biogeochemical transformations and transfers at the sediment-water interface including modelling.


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