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Fabienne Maignan

Cycles biogéochimiques et Transferts dans l'Environnement

Modélisation des Surfaces et Interfaces Continentales (MOSAIC)



Senior scientist

Co-Leader of the MOSAIC team


Research topics

Modeling and remote sensing of continental vegetation

Phenology - Photosynthesis - Fluorescence - COS

Surface directional effects



Master of Science in Engineering (Ecole Supérieure d'Electricité, 1989)

PhD in Remote sensing of continental surfaces (Versailles Saint-Quentin en Yvelines University, 2011)



Scientific publications


Bacour, C., Maignan, F., Peylin, P., MacBean, N., Bastrikov, V., Joiner, J., Köhler, P., Guanter, L. & Frankenberg, C. (2019). Differences between OCO-2 and GOME-2 SIF products from a model-data fusion perspective, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences,

Bacour, C., Maignan, F., MacBean, N., Porcar-Castell, A., Flexas, J., Frankenberg, C., Peylin, P., Chevallier F., Vuichard, N., V. Bastrikov (2019). Improving estimates of Gross Primary Productivity by assimilating solar-induced fluorescence satellite retrievals in a terrestrial biosphere model using a process-based SIF model, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences,

Bastos, A., Ciais, P., Chevallier, F., Rödenbeck, C., Ballantyne, A. P., Maignan, F., Yin, Y., Fernández-Martínez, M., Friedlingstein, P., Peñuelas, J., Piao, S. L., Sitch, S., Smith, W. K., Wang, X., Zhu, Z., Haverd, V., Kato, E., Jain, A. K., Lienert, S., Lombardozzi, D., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Peylin, P., Poulter, B., & Zhu, D. (2019). Contrasting effects of CO2 fertilization, land-use change and warming on seasonal amplitude of Northern Hemisphere CO2 exchange, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physic, 19, 12361–12375,

Zhu, D., Ciais, P., Krinner, G., Maignan, F., Jornet-Puig, A. &, Hugelius, G. (2019). Controls of soil organic matter on permafrost thermal and carbon dynamics. Nature Communications, 10 (1), 3172, doi : 10.1038/s41467-019-1110

Peaucelle, M., Ciais, P., Maignan, F., Nicolas, M., Cecchini, S. & Viovy, N. (2019). Calibrating a new coniferous phenology model in the global model ORCHIDEE: impacts on leaf area index dynamic and carbon fluxes. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.12.008


Yin, Z., Ottlé, C., Ciais, P., Guimberteau, M., Wang, X., Zhu, D., Maignan, F., Peng, S., Piao, S., Polcher, J., Zhou, F., Kim, H., and other China-Trend-Stream project members (2018). Evaluation of ORCHIDEE-MICT simulated soil moisture over China and impacts of different atmospheric forcing data, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 22, 5463-5484, doi: 10.5194/hess-22-5463-2018

MacBean, N., Maignan, F., Bacour, C., Lewis, P., Peylin, P., Guanter, L., Köhler, P., Gomez-Dans, J. & Disney, M., Strong constraint on modeled global carbon uptake using solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence data, Scientific Reports, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20024-w

Guenet, B., Camino-Serrano, M., Ciais, P., Tifafi, M., Maignan, F., Soong, J.L. & Janssens, I.A. (2017). Impact of priming on global carbon emissions from soils. Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.14069

Guimberteau, M., Zhu, D., Maignan, F., Huang, Y., Yue, C., Dantec-Nédélec, S., Ottlé, C., Jornet-Puig, A., Bastos, A., Laurent, P., Goll, D., Bowring, S., Chang, J., Guenet, B., Tifafi, M., Peng, S., Krinner, G., Ducharne, A., Wang, F., Wang, T., Wang, X., Wang, Y., Yin, Z., Lauerwald, R., Joetzjer, E., Qiu, C., Kim, H. & Ciais, P. (2017). ORCHIDEE-MICT (revision 4126), a land surface model for the high-latitudes: model description and validation. Geoscientific Model Development, 11, 121-163, doi: 10.5194/gmd-11-121-2018


Goll, D. S., Vuichard, N., Maignan, F., Jornet-Puig, A., Sardans, J., Violette, A., Peng, S., Sun, Y., Kvakic, M., Guimberteau, M., Guenet, B., Zaehle, S., Penuelas, J., Janssens, I. & Ciais, P. (2017). A representation of the phosphorus cycle for ORCHIDEE (revision 4520). Geoscientific Model Development, 10, 3745–3770, doi: 10.5194/gmd-10-3745-2017

Huntzinger, D.N., Michalak, A. M., Schwalm, C., Ciais, P., King, A.W., Fang, Y., Schaefer, K., Wei, Y., Cook, R.B., Fisher, J.B., Hayes, D., Huang, M., Ito, A., Jain, A. K., Lei, H., Lu, C., Maignan, F., Mao, J., Parazoo, N., Peng, S., Poulter, B., Ricciuto, D., Shi, X., Tian, H., Wang, W., Zeng, N. & Zhao, F. (2017). Uncertainty in the response of terrestrial carbon sink to environmental drivers undermines carbon-climate feedback predictions. Scientific Reports, 7, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-03818-2

Joetzjer, E., Pillet, M., Ciais, P., Barbier, N., Chave, J., Schlund, M., Maignan, F., Barichivich, J., Luyssaert, S., Hérault, B., von Poncet, F. & Poulter, B. (2017). Assimilating satellite-based canopy height within an ecosystem model to estimate aboveground forest biomass, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074150

Dantec-Nédélec, S., Ottlé, C., Wang, T., Guglielmo, F., Maignan, F., Delbart, N., Valdayskikh, V., Radchenko, T., Nekrasova, O., Zakharov, V., & Jouzel, J. (2017). Testing the capability of ORCHIDEE land surface model to simulate arctic ecosystems: Sensitivity analysis and site-level model calibration. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 9, doi:10.1002/2016MS000860

Peng, S., Ciais, P., Maignan, F., Li, W., Chang, J., Wang, T. & Yue, C. (2017). Sensitivity of land use change emission estimates to historical land use and land cover mapping. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31(4), 626-643, doi: 10.1002/2015GB005360

Getirana, A., Boone, A., & Peugeot, C. & the ALMIP-2 Working Group (2017). Streamflows over a West African Basin from the ALMIP-2 Model Ensemble. Journal of Hydrometeorology, doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-16-0233.1

Bréon F.-M., Maignan F. (2017) A BRDF-BPDF database for the analysis of Earth target reflectances. Earth System Science Data, 9(1), 31-45

Grippa, M., Kergoat, L., Boone, A., Peugeot, C., Demarty, J., Cappelaere, B, Gal, L., Hiernaux, P., Mougin, E., Ducharne, A., Dutra, E., Anderson, M., Hain, C. & the ALMIP2 Working Group (2017). Modelling surface runoff and water fluxes over contrasted soils in pastoral Sahel: evaluation of the ALMIP2 land surface models over the Gourma region in Mali. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 18(7), 1847-1866, doi : 10.1175/JHM-D-16-0170.1


Peylin, P., Bacour, C., MacBean, N., Léonard, S., Rayner, P.J., Kuppel, S., Koffi, E.N., Maignan, F., Chevallier, F., Ciais, P. & Prunet, P. (2016). A new step-wise Carbon Cycle Data Assimilation System using multiple data streams to constrain the simulated land surface carbon cycle. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 3321–3346, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-3321-2016

Mechri, R., Ottlé, C., Pannekoucke, O., Kallel, A., Maignan, F. & Courault, D. (2016). Downscaling of Meteosat Land Surface Temperature over a heterogeneous landscape using a Data Assimilation approach. Remote Sensing, 8(7), 586, doi: 10.3390/rs8070586


Kountouris, P., Gerbig, C., Totsche, K.U., Dolman, A.J., Meesters, A.G.C.A., Broquet, G., Maignan, F., Gioli, B., Montagnani, L. & Helfter C. (2015). An objective prior error quantification for regional atmospheric inverse applications. Biogeosciences, 12, 7403-7421, doi:10.5194/bg-12-7403-2015

MacBean, N., Maignan, F., Peylin, P., Bacour, C., Bréon, F.M. & Ciais, P. (2015). Using satellite data to improve the leaf phenology of a global Land Surface Model. Biogeosciences, 12, 7185-7208, doi:10.5194/bg-12-7185-2015

Naudts, K., Ryder, J., McGrath, M.J., Otto, J., Chen, Y., Valade, A., Bellassen, V., Berhongaray, G., Bönisch, G., Campioli, M., Ghattas, J., de Groote, T., Haverd, V., Kattge, J., MacBean, N., Maignan, F., Merilä, P., Penuelas, J., Peylin, P., Pinty, B., Pretzsch, H., Schulze, D., Solyga, D., Vuichard, N., Yan, Y. & Luyssaert, S. (2015). A vertically discredited canopy description for ORCHIDEE and the modifications to the energy, water and carbon fluxes. Geoscientific Model Development, 8, 2035-2065, doi: 10.5194/gmd-8-2035-2015

André, C., Ottlé, C., Royer, A & Maignan, F. (2015). Land surface temperature retrieval over circumpolar arctic using SSM/I-SSMIS and MODIS data, Remote Sensing of Environment, 162, 1-10, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2015.01.028


Yue, C., Ciais, P., Cadule, P., Thonicke, K., Archibald, S., Poulter, B., Hao, W. M., Hantson, S., Mouillot, F., Friedlingstein, P., Maignan, F., & Viovy, N. (2014). Modelling fires in the terrestrial carbon balance by incorporating SPITFIRE into the global vegetation model ORCHIDEE – Part 1: Simulating historical global burned area and fire regime, Geoscientific Model Development, 7, 2747-2767, doi: 10.5194/gmd-7-2747-2014

Kuppel, S., Peylin, P., Maignan, F., Chevallier, F., Kiely, G., Montagnani, L., & Cescatti, A. (2014). Model–data fusion across ecosystems: from multi-site optimizations to global simulations, Geoscientific Model Development, 7, 2581-2597, doi: 10.5194/gmd-7-2581-2014

Le Quéré, C., Peters, G. P., Andres, R. J., Andrew, R. M., Boden, T., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., Houghton, R. A., Marland, G., Moriarty, R., Sitch, S., Tans, P., Arneth, A., Arvanitis, A., Bakker, D. C. E., Bopp, L., Canadell, J. G., Chini, L. P., Doney, S. C., Harper, A., Harris, I., House, J. I., Jain, A. K., Jones, S. D., Kato, E., Keeling, R. F., Klein Goldewijk, K., Körtzinger, A., Koven, C., Lefèvre, N., Maignan, F., Omar, A., Ono, T., Park, G.-H., Pfeil, B., Poulter, B., Raupach, M. R., Regnier, P., Rödenbeck, C., Saito, S., Schwinger, J., Segschneider, J., Stocker, B. D., Tilbrook, B., van Heuven, S., Viovy, N.,Wanninkhof, R.,Wiltshire, A., and Zaehle, S. (2014) Global carbon budget 2013, Earth System Science Data, 6, 235–263, doi:10.5194/essd-6-235-2014

Szczypta, C., Calvet, J.C., Maignan, F.¸ Dorigo, W., Baret, F. & Ciais, P. (2014). Suitability of modelled and remotely sensed essential climate variables for monitoring Euro-Mediterranean droughts, Geoscientific Model Development, 7, 931–946, doi: 10.5194/gmd-7-931-2014

Balzarolo, M., Boussetta, S., Balsamo, G., Beljaars, A., Maignan, F., Calvet, J.C., Lafont, S., Barbu, A., Poulter, B., Chevallier, F., Szczypta, C. & Papale, D. (2014). Evaluating the potential of large scale simulations to predict carbon fluxes of terrestrial ecosystems over a European Eddy Covariance network. Biogeosciences, 11, 2661–2678, doi: 10.5194/bg-11-2661-2014

Turquety, S., Menut, L., Bessagnet, B., Anav, A., Viovy, N., Maignan, F. and Wooster, M. (2014). APIFLAME v1.0: high resolution fire emission model and application to the Euro-Mediterranean region, Geoscientific Model Development, 587-612, doi: 10.5194/gmd-7-587-2014


Ottlé, C., Lescure, J., Maignan, F., Poulter, B., Wang, T. & Delbart, N. (2013). Use of various remote sensing land cover products for PFT mapping over Siberia. Earth System Science Data, 5, 331–348, doi: 10.5194/essd-5-331-2013

Mueller, B., Hirschi, M., Jimenez, C., Ciais, P., Dirmeyer, P.A., Dolman, A.J., Fisher, J.B., Jung, M., Ludwig, F., Maignan, F., Miralles, D.G., McCabe, M.F., Reichstein, M., Sheffield, J., Wang, K.C., Wood, E.F., Zhang, Y., & Seneviratne, S.I. (2013). Benchmark products for land evapotranspiration: LandFlux-EVAL multi-dataset synthesis. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17, 3707–3720, doi: 10.5194/hess-17-3707-2013

Guenet, B., Cadule, P., Zaehle, S., Piao, S.L., Peylin, P., Maignan, F., Ciais, P. & Friedlingstein, P. (2012). Does the integration of the dynamic nitrogen cycle in terrestrial biosphere model improve the long-term trend of the leaf area index? Climate Dynamics, 1-14, doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1388-y

Casado, M., Ortega, P., Masson-Delmotte, V., Risi, C., Swingedouw, D., Daux, V., Genty, D., Maignan, F., Solomina, O., Vinther, B., Viovy, N. & Yiou, P. (2013). Impact of precipitation intermittency on NAO-temperature signals in proxy records, Climate of the Past, 9, 871-886, doi: 10.5194/cp-9-871-2013

Kallel, A., Ottlé, C., Le Hégarat-Mascle, S., Maignan, F. & Courault, D. (2013). Surface temperature downscaling from multi-resolution instruments based on MAP criterion and Markov models. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 51(3), 1588-1612


Wang, T., Brender, P., Ciais, P., Piao, S., Mahecha, M.D., Chevallier, F., Reichstein, M., Ottlé, C., Maignan, F., Arain, A., Bohrer, G., Cescatti, A., Kiely, G., Law, B.E., Lutz, M., Montagnani, L., Moors, E., Osborne, B., Panferov, O., Papale, D. & Francesco Vaccari, F. (2012). State-dependent errors in a land surface model across biomes inferred from eddy covariance observations on multiple timescales. Ecological Modeling, 246, 11-25, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.07.017

Kuppel, S., Peylin, P., Chevallier, F., Bacour, C., Maignan, F. & Richardson, A.D. (2012). Constraining a global ecosystem model with multi-site eddy-covariance data. Biogeosciences, 9, 3757–3776, doi: 10.5194/bg-9-3757-2012

De Weirdt, M., Verbeeck, H, Maignan, F., Peylin, P., Poulter, B., Bonal, D., Ciais, P. & Steppe, K. (2012). Seasonal leaf dynamics for tropical evergreen forests in a process based global ecosystem model. Geosci. Model Dev. 5, 1091–1108, doi: 10.5194/gmd-5-1091-2012

Bobée, C., Ottlé, C., Maignan, F., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Maugis, P., Lézine, A.-M & Ndiaye, M. (2012). Analysis of vegetation seasonality in Sahelian environments using MODIS LAI, in association with land cover and rainfall. Application to agricultural systems of northwest Senegal. Journal of Arid Environments, 84, 38-50, doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2012.03.005

Zhao, Y., Ciais, P., Peylin, P., Viovy, N., Longdoz, B., Bonnefond, J. M., Rambal, S., Klumpp, K., Olioso, A., Cellier, P., Maignan, F., Eglin, T., and Calvet, J. C (2012) How errors on meteorological variables impact simulated ecosystem fluxes: a case study for six French sites, Biogeosciences, 9, doi:10.5194/bg-9-2537-2012

Verhoef, A., Ottlé, E., Cappelaere, B., Murray, T, Saux-Picart, S., Zribie, M., Maignan, F., Ramier, D., Boulain, N., & Demarty, J. (2012). Spatio-temporal surface soil heat flux estimates from satellite data; results for the AMMA experiment at the Fakara (Niger) supersite. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 154-155, 55-66, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.08.003

Chevallier, F., Wang, T., Ciais, P., Maignan, F., Bocquet, M., Arain, A., Cescatti, A., Chen, J., Dolman, H., Law, B., Margolis, H., Montagnani, L. & Moors, E. (2012). What eddy-covariance flux measurements tell us about prior errors in CO2-flux inversion schemes. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, GB1021, doi: 10.1029/2010GB003974

Lafont, S., Zhao, Y., Calvet, J.-C., Peylin, P., Ciais, P., Maignan, F., & Weiss, M (2012). Modelling LAI, surface water and carbon fluxes at high-resolution over France: comparison of ISBA-A-gs and ORCHIDEE, Biogeosciences, 9, 439-456, doi: 10.5194/bg-9-439-2012


Chevallier, F., Deutscher, N., Ciais, P., Ciattaglia, L., Dohe, S., Fröhlich, M., Gomez-Pelaez, A.J., Hase, F., Haszpra, L., Krummel, P., Kyrö, E., Labuschagne, C., Langenfeld, R., Machida, T., Maignan, F., Matsueda, H., Morino, I., Notholt, J., Ramonet, M., Sawa, Y., Schmidt, M., Sherlock, V., Steele, P., Strong, K., Sussmann, R., Wennberg, P., Wofsy, S., Worthy, D., Wunch, D. & Zimnoch, M. (2011). Global CO2 fluxes inferred from surface air-sample measurements and from TCCON retrievals of the CO2 total column (2011). Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L24810, doi: 10.1029/2011GL049899

Maignan, F., Bréon, F.M., Chevallier, F., Viovy, N., Ciais, P., Trules, J. & Mancip, M. (2011). Evaluation of a Global Vegetation Model using time series of satellite vegetation indices. Geoscientific Model Development, 4, 1103–1114, doi: 10.5194/gmd-4-1103-2011

Poulter, B., Ciais, P., Hodson, E., Lischke, H., Maignan, F., Plummer, S. & Zimmerman, N. E. (2011). Plant functional type mapping for earth system models. Geoscientific Model Development, 4, 993–1010, doi: 10.5194/gmd-4-993-2011

Wang T., Ciais P., Piao S., Ottlé C., Brender P., Maignan F., Arain A., Gianelle D., Gu L., Lafleur P., Laurila T., Margolis H., Montagnani L., Moors E., Nobuko S., Vesala T., Wohlfahrt G., Reichstein M., Migliavacca M., Ammann C., Aubinet M., Barr A., Bernacchi C., Bernhofer C., Black T., Davis K., Dellwik E., Dragoni D., Don A., Flanagan L., Foken T., Granier A., Hadley J., Hirata R., Hollinger D., Kato T., Kutsch W., Marek M., Matamala R., Matteucci G., Meyers T., Monson R., Munger J., Oechel W., Paw K.T., Rebmann U.C., Tuba Z., Valentini R., Varlagin A., Verma S. (2011). Controls on winter ecosystem respiration at mid- and high-latitudes. Biogeosciences, 8, 2009-2025

Vimeux, F., Maignan, F., Reutenauer, C. & Pouyaud, B. (2011). Evaluation of cloudiness over Monte San Valentín (Northern Patagonia Icefield) from 2000 to 2008 using MODIS satellite images: implications for paleoclimate investigations from ice cores. Journal of Glaciology, 221-230

Mueller, B., Seneviratne, S., Jimenez, C., Corti, T., Hirschi, M., Balsamo, G., Ciais, P., Dirmeyer, P., Fisher, J., Guo, Z., Jung, M., Maignan, F., McCabe, M., Reichle, R., Reichstein, M., Rodell, M., Sheffield, J., Teuling, A., Wang, K., Wood, E. & Zhang, Y. (2011). Evaluation of global observations-based evapotranspiration datasets and IPCC AR4 simulations. Geophysical Research Letters,38, doi: 10.1029/2010GL046230


Chevallier, F., Ciais, P., Conway, T.J., Aalto, T., Anderson, B., Bousquet, P., Brunke, E., Ciattaglia, L., Esaki, Y., Fröhlich, M., Gomez-Pelaez, A., Haszpra, L., Krummel, P., Langenfelds, R., Leuenberger, M., Machida, T., Maignan, F., Matsueda, H., Morguí, J.A., Mukai, H., Nakazawa, T., Peylin, P., Ramonet, M., Rivier, L., Sawa, Y., Schmidt, M., Steele, L., Vay, S., Vermeulen, A., Wofsy, S. & Worthy, D.E. (2010). CO2 surface fluxes at grid point scale estimated from a global 21-year reanalysis of atmospheric measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmosphere., 115, D21307, doi: 10.1029/2010JD013887


Maignan, F., Bréon, F.-M., Fédèle, E., & Bouvier, M. (2009). Polarized reflectances of natural surfaces: Spaceborne measurements and analytical modeling. Remote Sensing of Environment, 113, 2642-2650


Maignan, F., Bréon, F.M., Bacour, C., Demarty, J., & Poirson, A. (2008). Interannual vegetation phenology estimates from global AVHRR measurements - Comparison with in situ data and applications. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112, 496-505

Maignan, F., Bréon, F.M., Vermote, E., Ciais, P., & Viovy, N. (2008). Mild winter and spring 2007 over western Europe led to a widespread early vegetation onset. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L02404, doi: 10.1029/2007GL032472


Bacour, C., Bréon, F.M., & Maignan, F. (2006). Normalization of the directional effects in NOAA-AVHRR reflectance measurements for an improved monitoring of vegetation cycles. Remote Sensing of Environment, 102, 402-413


Thieuleux, F., Moulin, C., Bréon, F.M., Maignan, F., Poitou, J., & Tanré, D. (2005). Remote sensing of aerosols over the oceans using MSG/SEVIRI imagery. Annales Geophysicae, 23, 3561-3568

Laurent, B., Marticorena, B., Bergametti, G., Chazette, P., Maignan, F., & Schmechtig, C. (2005). Simulation of the mineral dust emission frequencies from desert areas of China and Mongolia using an aerodynamic roughness length map derived from the POLDER/ADEOS 1 surface products. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 110, D18S04, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005013


Maignan, F., Bréon, F.M., & Lacaze, R. (2004). Bidirectional reflectance of Earth targets: Evaluation of analytical models using a large set of spaceborne measurements with emphasis on the Hot Spot. Remote Sensing of Environment, 90, 210-220


Bréon, F.M., Maignan, F., Leroy, M., & Grant, I. (2002). Analysis of hot spot directional signatures measured from space. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 107 (D16), 4282, doi: 10.1029/2001JD001094


Deuzé, J.L., Bréon, F.M., Devaux, C., Goloub, P., Herman, M., Lafrance, B., Maignan, F., Marchand, A., Nadal, F., Perry, G., & Tanré, D. (2001). Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces from POLDER-ADEOS-1 polarized measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 106, 4913-4926

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