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Catherine Kissel

Dynamique et archives du climat
Climate and Magnetism



Research Scientist CEA

Research interests

Environmental magnetism applied to:

- reconstructions of the past variability in the deep water masses, interhemispheric (and high/low latitudes) comparisons

- reconstructions of the past changes in the main rivers sedimentary discharges and run-off (precipitation on land, monsoon at low latitudes , links with high latitude climate)

- characterization of the metallic pollution in the Seine river


- high resolution magnetostratigraphy from sediments (geomagnetic excursions and reversals)

- absolute intensity and directional studies from lavas (paleosecular variation, geomagnetic excursions and reversals)



1987 -          Research Scientist, French Atomic Energy Commission

Dec. 1986     Thèse d'Etat (Paleomagnetism applied to Geodynamical studies in the eastern Mediterranean)

May 1984      Thèse troisième cycle (Paleomagnetism in Western Agean) - Supervisor C. Laj

1977-1982    Studies in Geology, Biology at the University of Orsay (Paris XI), France


Implication in field work and oceanographic cruises

Multiple field work since 1982 for paleomagnetic sampling in Greece, Turkey, Albania, Italy, France, Canary Islands, Hawaii, Peru, Ecuador, Taiwan, Indonesia, Iceland.


Oceanographic cruises:

1999      Participation to the international oceanographic cruise IMAGES-Ginna on board the R. V. Marion Dufresne in North Atlantic, Leg2 (Québec-Reykjavik).

2000    Chief sicentist of the transit valorisation Colombo - Salalah on board the R. V. Marion Dufresne.

2001     Project scientist of the oceanographic cruise géosciences 2 on board the R. V. Marion Dufresne in the Tyrrhenian and Ionian Seas (Nice-Patras).

2002     oceanographic cruise IMAGES-Page on board the R. V. Marion Dufresne in the Gulf of Mexico (Cancun-Belem). Participant

2003     Co-project scientist of the international oceanographic cruise IMAGES-PICASSO (Leg2) on board the R. V. Marion Dufresne in North Atlantic (Baltimore-Brest).

2004    Project scientist of the  international oceanographic cruise CHAMAK on board the R. V. Marion Dufresne in Arabian sea (Muscat-Muscat).

2005     Participation to the international oceanographic cruise IMAGES-Marco Polo on board the R. V. Marion Dufresne in the South China sea and around Taiwan (Singapore - Shanghai - Bitung).

2006     Co-project scientist of the international oceanographic cruise IMAGES-Marco Polo 2 on board the R. V. Marion Dufresne in the western pacific and in the Philippines Sea (Shanghai - Jakarta).

2007   Chief scientist of the international oceanographic cruise IMAGES-PACHIDERME on board the R. V. Marion Dufresne along the southernmost Chilean coast (Punta Arenas - Punta Arenas).

2008    Chief scientist of the international oceanographic cruise IMAGES -AMOCINT (ESF-EuroMARC project) on board the R. V. Marion Dufresne in North Atlantic (Gran Canaria, Brest).

2010    Chief scientist and project scientist international oceanographic cruise MONOCIR on board the R. V. Marion Dufresne in Indonesia (Surabaya - Bitung).

2012    Co-Chief scientist and co-project scientist of the international oceanographic cruise CIRCEA on board the R. V. Marion Dufresne in the South China Sea (Singapore - Singapore).



Programs and projects underway

-       MONOCL (INSU-LEFE funding 2015-2017): Monsoon, Ocean and Climate

-       MONOCIR (INSU-LEFE funding 2012-2014): Monsoon and oceanic circulation

-       MONOPOL (ANR 2011-2014): Paléo-variabilité de la mousson indienne

-       PAST4FUTURE (EU-FP7 2010-2015) : analysis of magnetic properties of sediments in order to reconstruct the past variations of the thermohaline circulation.

-       LIA-MONOCL : coordination of the French-Chinese LIA (2012-2018) on the study of the Monsoon and Oceanic Circulation

-       SYSTER (INSU funding 2011-2013) : paleomagnetic and dating coupled analysis of lava to refine the magnetostratigraphic time scales at high resolution during the last 1 Ma

-       PACHIDERME (INSU-LEFE funding 2011-2013) : analysis of sediments collected during the oceanographic cruise in 2007. Coordinator.



Publications scientifiques (2013---) (total list in pdf file):Publications CK.pdf


Fauquembergue, K., Bacherlery, P., Fournier, F., Caley, T., Bassinot, F., Malaizé, B., Zaragosi, S., Kissel, C., Moreno, E. Turbidites activity in the Bengal fan during the last 248 kyr cal BP: clues from an inactive channel, Marine Geology, accepted.

Nave, S., Lebreiro, S., Michel, E., Kissel, C., Figueiredo, M. O., Guihou, A., Labeyrie, L., Alberto, A., The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation as productivity regulator of the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre, Quaternary Research, 91, 399 - 413. doi:10.1017/qua.2018.88, 2019.


Dang, H., Jian, Z., Wang, T., Bassinot, F., Kissel, C., Wu, J. The calcification depth and Mg/Ca thermometry of Pulleniatina obliquiloculata in the tropical Indo-Pacific: a core-top study, Marine Micropaleontology, 145, 28-40, 2018.

Peral, M., Daëron, M., Blamart, D., Bassinot, F., Dewilde, F., Smialkowski, N., Isguder, G., Bonnin, J., Jorissen, F., Kissel, C., Michel, E., Vazquez Riveiros, N., Waelbroeck, C. Updated calibration of the clumped isotope thermometer in planktonic and benthic foraminifera, Geochemica and Cosmochemica Acta, 239, 1-16, 2018.

Haddam, N. A., Siani, G, Michel, E., Kaiser, J., Lamy, F., Duchamp-Alphonse, S., Isgüder, G., Tisnerat Laborde, N., Thil, F., Durand, N., Kissel, C., Changes in latitudinal sea surface temperature gradients along the Southern Chilean margin since the last glacial, Quaternary Science Review, 194, 62-76, 2018.

Piret, L., Bertrand, S., Kissel, C., De Pol-Holz, R., Tamayo Hernando, A., Van Daele, M. First evidence of a mid-Holocene earthquake-triggered megaturbidite south of the Chile Triple Junction. Sedimentary Geology, 375, 120-133, 2018.

Kissel, C., Sarnthein, M., Laj, C., Wang, P.X., Wandres, C., Egli, R., Magnetic fingerprints of modern sediments in the South China Sea resulting from source-to-sink processes. Geochem. Geophys. Geosystems, 19, DOI: 10.1029/2018GC007571, 2018.

Wils, K., Van Daele, M., Lastras, G., Kissel, C., Lamy, F., Siani, G. Holocene Event Record of Aysén Fjord (Chilean Patagonia): an Interplay of Volcanic Eruptions, Crustal and Megathrust Earthquakes. J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth.: Solid Earth, 122. Doi: 10.1002/2017JB014573, 2018.

Wary M., Eynaud F., Kissel C., Londeix L., Rossignol L., Lapuyade J., Castera M.-H., Billy, I. Spatio-temporal dynamics of hydrographic reorganizations and iceberg discharges at the junction between the Northeast Atlantic and Norwegian Sea basins surrounding Heinrich event 4. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 481, 236-245, 2018.



Dang, H., Jian, Z., Bassinot, F., Liang, D., Kissel, C., Glacial-interglacial changes in the thermocline of the western equatorial Pacific: reconstructions from the Halmahera Sea, Paleoceanography, in revision.

Chen, Q., Kissel, C., Liu, Z., Detrital supply to the northern South China Sea during Late Quaternary: a magnetic approach., Earth and Planetary Science Letters, in press.

Wary M., Eynaud F., Swingedouw D., Masson-Delmotte V., Matthiessen J., Kissel C., Zumaque J., Rossignol L., Jouzel J. , Regional seesaw between North Atlantic and Nordic Seas during the last glacial abrupt climate events. Climate of the Past, doi:10.5194/cp-2017-14, 2017.

Chen, Q., Liu, Z., Kissel, C., Clay mineralogical and geochemical proxies of the East Asian summer monsoon evolution in the South China Sea during Late Quaternary, Nature. Comm, Scientific reports, 7:42083, DOI: 10.1038/srep42083, 2017.

Kayvantash, D., Cojan, I., Kissel, C., Franke, C. , Magnetic fingerprint of the sediment load in a meander bend section of the Seine River (France), Geomorphology 286, 14-26, 2017.

Kissel, C., Liu, Z., Li, J., Wandres, C., Magnetic signature of river sediments drained into the southern and eastern part of the South China Sea (Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, Luzon and Taiwan), Sedimentary Geology, 347, 10-20, 2017.



Tamburrino, S., Insinga, D.D., Pelosi, N., Kissel, C., Laj, C., Capotondi, L., Sprovieri, M., Tephrochronology of a ~ 70ka-long marine record in the Marsili Basin (southern Tyrrhenian Sea), J. Volcanology and Geothermal Res., 327, 23-39, 2016.

Kissel, C., Liu, Z., Li, J., Wandres, C., Magnetic minerals in three Asian rivers draining into the South China Sea: Pearl, Red and Mekong Rivers, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 17, 1678-1693, doi:10.1002/2016GC006283, 2016.

Chen, Q., Kissel, C., Govin, A., Liu, Z., Xie, X., Correction of interstitial water changes in calibration methods applied to XRF core-scanning major elements in long sediment cores: case study from the South China Sea., Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 17, 1925–1934, doi:10.1002/2016GC006320, 2016.

Caricchi, C., Cifelli, F., Kissel, C., Sagnotti, L., Mattei, M., Distinct magnetic fabric in weakly deformed sediments from extensional basins and fold-and-thrust structures in the Northern Apennine orogenic belt (Italy). Tectonics, 35, doi: 10.1002/2015TC003940, 2016.



Dang, H., Jian, Z., Kissel, C., Bassinot, F., Precessional changes in the Western Equatorial Pacific hydro-climate: a 240 kyr marine record from the Halmahera sea, East Indonesia. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16, 148-164, doi : 10.1002/2014GC005550, 2015.

Montade, V., Kageyama, M., Combourieu-Nebout, N., Ledru, M.P., Michel, E., Siani, G., Kissel, C., Teleconnection between the Intertropical Convergence Zone and southern westerly winds throughout the last deglaciation. Geology, doi:10.1130/G36745.1, 2015.

Urbani S., Trippanera, D., Porreca, M., Kissel C., and Acocella V., Anatomy of an extinct magmatic system along a divergent plate boundary : Alftafjordur, Iceland, Geophysical Research Lett., doi : 10.1002/2015GL065087, 2015.

Kissel, C., Laj  C., Rodriguez-Gonzalez A., Perez-Torrado F., Carracedo J. C., Wandres C., Holocene geomagnetic field intensity variations: contribution from the low latitude Canary Islands site. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 430, 178-190, 2015.

Aracena, C., Kilian, R., Lange, C. B., Bertrand, S., Lamy, F., Arz, H. W., De Pol-Holz, R., Baeza, O., Pantoja S., Kissel, C.,  Holocene variations in productivity associated with changes in glacier activity and freshwater flux in the central basin of the Strait of Magellan. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 436, 112-122, 2015.

Laj  C., and Kissel, C., An Impending geomagnetic polarity transition? Hints from the past, Frontiers Earth Sci. 3:61. doi: 10.3389/feart.2015.00061, 2015.

Blashek, M., Renssen, H., Kissel, C., Thornalley, D., Holocene North Atlantic Overturning in an atmosphere-ocean-sea-ice model compared to proxy-based reconstructions. Paleoceanography, 30, doi:10.1002/2015PA002828, 2015.

Kissel, C., Rodriguez-Gonzalez A., Laj  C., Perez-Torrado F., Carracedo J. C., Wandres C., Guillou, H. Paleosecular variation of the earth magnetic field at the Canary Islands over the last 15 ka. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 412, 52-60, 2015.



Kissel, C., Guillou, H.,  Laj, C. Carracedo, J.-C., Perez-Torrado, F., Wandres, C., Rodriguez-Gonzalez, A., Nomade S., A combined paleomagnetic/dating investigation of the upper Jaramillo transition from a volcanic section at Tenerife (Canary Islands). Earth and Planetary Science Letters 406, 59–71, 2014.

Dang, H., Jian, Z., Kissel, C., Bassinot, F. Precessional changes in the western equatorial Pacific Hydroclimate: A 240 kyr marine record from the Halmahera Sea, East Indonesia, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 16, doi:10.1002/2014GC005550, 2014.

Colin C., Siani G., Liu Z., Blamart D., Skonieczny C., Zhao Y., Bory A., Frank N., Duchamp-Alphonse S., Thil F., Richter T., Kissel C., Gargani J. Late Miocene to early Pliocene climate variability off NW Africa (ODP Site 659) Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 2014.

Galaasen, E.V., Ulysses S. Ninnemann, U. S., Irvalı, N, Kleiven,H., Rosenthal, Y., Kissel, C., Hodell, D. A., Rapid Reductions in North Atlantic Deep Water During the Peak of the Last Interglacial Period, Science Express, 10.1126/science.1248667, 2014.

Laj, C., Guillou, C., Kissel, C., Dynamics of the earth magnetic field in the 10-75 kyr period comprising the Laschamp and Mono Lake excursions: New results from the French Chaîne des Puys in a global perspective. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 387, 184-197.



Dokken T.M., Nisancioglu K.H., Li C., Battisti D.S., Kissel C. Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles: Interactions between ocean and sea ice intrinsic to the Nordic seas. Paleoceanography 28, 491-502, 2013.

Guillou H., Kissel C ., Laj C., Carracedo J.C. Dating the Teide Volcanic Complex: radiometric and palaeomagnetic methods. In “Teide Volcano”, Eds : J-C. Carracedo, V. Troll, Springer Monograph, section 6, 93-102 (2013). 

Laj C., Channell J.E.T, Kissel C. Stratigraphie magnétique du million au millier d’années. In : Paléoclimatologie : trouver, dater et interpréter les indices, Duplessy J.C. et Ramstein, G. Eds, Chap. 6, CNRS Edition, 137-168 (2013).

Sionneau T., Bout-Roumazeilles V., Meunier G., Kissel C., Flower B.P., Bory A., Tribovillard N., 2013. Atmospheric re-organization during Marine Isotope Stage 3 over the North American continent: sedimentological and mineralogical evidence from the Gulf of Mexico. Quat. Sci. Rev. 81, 62-73.

Kissel, C., Van Toer, A., Laj, C., Cortijo, E., Michel, E., Variations in the Strength of the North Atlantic Bottom water during Holocene. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 369-370, 248-259, 2013.

Montade V., Combourieu Nebout N., Kissel C., Haberle S.G., Siani G., Michel E., Vegetation and climate changes during the last 22.000 yr from a marine core near Taitao Peninsula, southern Chile. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclim. Palaeoecol., 369, 335-348, 2013.




- supervision or co-supervision of 9 PhD theses

- Member of of American Geophysical union

- Member of the European Geoscience Union



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