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Yves Balkanski

Senior Researcher

Biogeochemical cycles
Earth System modelling


Research topics



Name Position while at LSCE Present Position Institution
Michael Schulz Marie Curie Fellow permanent position UiO, Norway
Walter Guelle student Permanent position Dassault Aviation, France
Tanguy Claquin student Permanent position AXA, France
Nicolas Huneeus postdoc permanent position Un of Santiago, Chile
Susanne Bauer postdoc scentist GISS and Columbia Un., United States
Silvia Generoso student permanent position CEA, France
David Fillmore postdoc scientist NCAR, United States
Konstantinos Tsigaridis postdoc scientist GISS and Columbia Un., United States
Silvia Generoso student permanent position CEA, France
Céline Déandreis postdoc scientist Toulouse, France
Maria Raffaella Vuolo student journalist Paris, France
Nicolas Yan postdoc NA France
Hao Wu postdoc on-going studies Canada
Emilie Journet postdoc permanent position Un. Paris XIII, France
Maria Raffaella Vuolo student journalist Paris, France
Nikolaos Evangeliou postdoc permanent position NILU, Norway
Rong Wang Marie Curie Fellow postdoc Standford Institute, Palo Alto, United States
Samuel Albani Marie Curie Fellow Starting Dec 2016 LSCE, France


Co-Editor  of Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics since 2004

Reviewer of projects for:  - the European Research Council,

                                     - NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration),

                                     - DOE (Department of Energy)

                                     -  the National Swedish Academy

                                     -  Agence Nationale pour la Recherche, and,

                                     - Les Enveloppes Fluides de l’Environnement (LEFE)



Reviewer for the following journals: J. Geophys. Res.; Geophys. Res. Let. and Atm. Phys. Chem.



Current Projects


CRESCENDO: Coordinated Research in Earth Systems and Climate: Experiments, kNowledge, Dissemination and Outreach.
PoleAsia: Pollution in Eastern Asia: towards better air quality prevision and impacts’ evaluation
DUSC3: DUSt, Climate and Carbon Cycle: Marie Curie Fellow: Samuel Albani
Imbalance-P: Effects of phosphorus limitations on Life, Earth system and Society, PI(s): Philippe Ciais, Ivan Janssens, Michael Obersteiner, and Josep Peñuelas


Publications scientifiques


114. Di Biagio, C., Formenti, P., Balkanski, Y., Caponi, L., Cazaunau, M., Pangui, E., Journet, E., Nowak, S., Caquineau, S., Andreae, M. O., Kandler, K., Saeed, T., Piketh, S., Seibert, D., Williams, E., and Doussin, J.-F.: Global scale variability of the mineral dust longwave refractive index: a new dataset of in situ measurements for climate modelling and remote sensing, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., doi:10.5194/acp-2016-616, in review, 2016.


113. O. Boucher, Y. Balkanski, Ø. Hodnebrog, C. L. Myhre, G. Myhre, J. Quaas, B. H. Samset, N. Schutgens, P. Stier, and R. Wang (2016), Jury is still out on the radiative forcing by black carbon PNAS, doi:10.1073/pnas.1607005113.


112.  Evangeliou, N., Balkanski, Y., Hao, W. M., Petkov, A., Silverstein, R. P., Corley, R., Nordgren, B. L., Urbanski, S. P., Eckhardt, S., Stohl, A., Tunved, P., Crepinsek, S., Jefferson, A., Sharma, S., Nøjgaard, J. K., and Skov, H.: Wildfires in northern Eurasia affect the budget of black carbon in the Arctic – a 12-year retrospective synopsis (2002–2013), Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 7587-7604, doi:10.5194/acp-16-7587-2016, 2016.                  


111. Koffi, B., et al. (2016), Evaluation of the aerosol vertical distribution in global aerosol models through comparison against CALIOP measurements: AeroCom phase II results, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 7254–7283, doi:10.1002/2015JD024639.


110. Evangeliou, N., T. Hamburger, N. Talerko, S. Zibtsev, V. A. Kashparov, Y. Bondar, A. Stohl, Y. Balkanski, T. A. Mousseau, A. P. Møller, Reconstructing the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (CNPP) accident 30 years after. A unique database of air concentration and deposition measurements over Europe, Env. Poll. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2016.05.030.


109. Wang, R., Y. Balkanski, O. Boucher, P. Ciais, G. L. Schuster, F. Chevallier, B. H. Samset, J. Liu,S. Piao, M. Valari, et al. (2016), Estimation of global black carbon direct radiative forcing and its uncertainty constrained by observations, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, doi:10.1002/2015JD024326.


108. Evangeliou, N. , S. Zibtsev, V. Myroniuk, M. Zhurba, T. Hamburger, A. Stohl, Y. Balkanski, R. Paugam, T. A. Mousseau, A. P. Møller, S. I. Kireev, Resuspension and atmospheric transport of radionuclides due to wildfires near the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in 2015: An impact assessment, Nature Scientific Reports, DOI: 10.1038/srep26062.


107. Li B., T. Gasser T, P. Ciais, S. Piao, S. Tao, Y.Balkanski, D. Hauglustaine, J-P Boisier, L. Li, Y. Li, H. Liu, J. Liu, S. Peng, Z. Shen, Z. Sun, R. Wang, T. Wang, G. Yin, Yi Yin, Z. Zeng, F. Zhou,The contribution of China's emissions to global climate forcing”, Bengang Li et. al., Nature, DOI: 10.1038/nature17165.


106. Hao, W. M., Petkov, A., Nordgren, B. L., Silverstein, R. P., Corley, R. E., Urbanski, S. P., Evangeliou, N., Balkanski, Y., and Kinder, B.: Daily black carbon emissions from fires in Northern Eurasia from 2002 to 2013, Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., doi:10.5194/gmd-9-4461-2016.


105. Kristiansen, N. I., Stohl, A., Olivié, D. J. L., Croft, B., Søvde, O. A., Klein, H., Christoudias, T., Kunkel, D., Leadbetter, S. J., Lee, Y. H., Zhang, K., Tsigaridis, K., Bergman, T., Evangeliou, N., Wang, H., Ma, P.-L., Easter, R. C., Rasch, P. J., Liu, X., Pitari, G., Di Genova, G., Zhao, S. Y., Balkanski, Y., Bauer, S. E., Faluvegi, G. S., Kokkola, H., Martin, R. V., Pierce, J. R., Schulz, M., Shindell, D., Tost, H., and Zhang, H.: Evaluation of observed and modelled aerosol lifetimes using radioactive tracers of opportunity and an ensemble of 19 global models, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 3525-3561,  10.5194/acp-16-3525-2016.




104. Wang, R., Y. Balkanski, L. Bopp, O. Aumont, O. Boucher, P. Ciais, M. Gehlen, J. Peñuelas, C. Ethé, D. Hauglustaine, B. Li, J. Liu, Feng Zhou, Shu Tao (2015), Influence of anthropogenic aerosol deposition on the relationship between oceanic productivity and warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL066753.


103. N Evangeliou, Y Balkanski, H Florou, K Eleftheriadis, A. Cozic and P. Kritidis, Global deposition and transport efficiencies of radioactive species with respect to modelling credibility after Fukushima (Japan, 2011), Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 149, Pages 164–175, doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2015.07.024, 2015.


102. Wang, R., Balkanski, Y., Boucher, O., Bopp, L., Chappell, A., Ciais, P., Hauglustaine, D., Peñuelas, J., and Tao, S.: Sources, transport and deposition of iron in the global atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 6247-6270, doi:10.5194/acp-15-6247-2015, 2015.


101. N. Evangeliou, Y. Balkanski, A. Cozic, W. M. Hao, F. Mouillot, K. Thonicke, R. Paugam, S. Zibtsev, T. A. Mousseau, R. Wang, B. Poulter, A. Petkov, C. Yue, P. Cadule, B. Koffi, J. W. Kaiser, and A. P. Møller 2015. Fire evolution in the radioactive forests of Ukraine and Belarus: future risks for the population and the environment. Ecological Monographs 85:49–72.


100. Rong Wang, Yves Balkanski, Olivier Boucher, Philippe Ciais, Josep Peñuelas, Shu Tao, Closure of the global atmospheric phosphorus budget research article, 2015. Closure of the global atmospheric phosphorus budget research article, Nature Geoscience, 8, 48-54, doi  10.1038/ngeo2324.




99. Samset, B, G., Herber, A., Kondo, Y., Li, S.-M., Moteki, N., Koike, M., Oshima, N., Schwarz, J. P., Balkanski, Y., Bauer, S. E., Bellouin, N., Berntsen, T. K., Bian, H., Chin, M., Diehl, T., Easter, R. C., Ghan, S. J., Iversen, T., Kirkevåg, A., Lamarque, J.-F., Lin, G., Liu, X., Penner, J. E., Schulz, M., Seland, Ø., Skeie, R. B., Stier, P., Takemura, T., Tsigaridis, K., and Zhang, K.: Modelled black carbon radiative forcing and atmospheric lifetime in AeroCom Phase II constrained by aircraft observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 12465-12477, doi:10.5194/acp-14-12465-2014, 2014.


98. Hauglustaine, D. A., Y. Balkanski, M. Schulz, and A. Cozic, A global model simulation of present and future nitrate aerosols and their direct radiative forcing of climate, Atmos Chem. Phys., doi:10.5194/acp-14-11031-2014.


97. Tsigaridis K., Daskalakis N., Kanakidou M., Adams P.J., Artaxo P., Bahadur R., Balkanski Y., Bauer S.E., Bellouin N., Benedetti A., Bergman T., Berntsen T.K., Beukes J.P., bian H., Carslaw K.S., Chin M., Curci G., Diehl T., Easter R.C., Ghan S.J., Gong S.L., Hodzic A., Hoyle C.R., Iversen T., Jathar S., Jimenez J.L., Kaiser J.W., Kirkevag A., Koch D., Kokkola H., Lee Y.H., Lin G., Liu X., Luo G., Ma X., Mann G.W., Mihalppoulos N., Morcrette J.J., Muller J.F., Myhre G., Myriokefalitakis S., Ng N.L., O'Donnell D., Penner J.E., Pozzoli L., Pringle K.J., Russell L.M., Schulz M., Sciare J., Seland O., Shindell D.T., Sillman S., Skeie R.B., Spracklen D., Stavrakou T., Steenrod S.D., Takemura T., Tiitta P., Tilmes S., Tost H., Van Noije T., Van Zyl P.G., Von Salzen K., Yu F., Wang Z., Wang Z., Zaveri R.A., Zhang H., Zhang K., Zhang Q., Zhang X., 2014.
The AeroCom evaluation and intercomparison of organic aerosol in global models.
Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14, 10.845-10.895, 2014.


96. Evangeliou, N., Balkanski, Y., Cozic, A., Hao, W.M., Møller, A.P., 2014. “Wildfires in Chernobyl-contaminated forests and risks to the population and the environment: A new nuclear disaster about to happen?”, Environment International, 73, 346–358.


95. Evangeliou, N., Balkanski, Y., Cozic, A., Møller, A.P. (2014). “How “lucky” we are that the Fukushima nuclear accident occurred in early spring. Predictions on the contamination levels from various fission products released from the accident and updates on the risk assessment for solid and thyroid cancers”, The Science of the Total Environment, 500–501, 155–172.


94. Denis-Didier Rousseau , Catherine Chauvel , Adriana Sima , Christine Hatté , France Lagroix , Pierre Antoine , Yves Balkanski , Markus Fuchs , Claire Mellet , Masa Kageyama , Gilles Ramstein , Andreas Lang, 2014. European Glacial Dust Deposits: Geochemical Constraints on Atmospheric Dust Cycle Modeling, accepted to GRL


93. Wang, Rong; Shu Tao; Huizhong Shen; Ye Huang; Han Chen; Yves Balkanski; Olivier Boucher; Philippe Ciais; Guofeng Shen; Wei Li; Yanyan Zhang; Yuanchen Chen; Nan Lin; Shu Su; Bengang Li; Junfeng Liu; Wenxin Liu, Trend in Global Black Carbon Emissions from 1960 to 2007Environ. Sci. Technol., doi : 10.1021/es5021422, 2014.

92. Ménégoz, M., Krinner, G., Balkanski, Y., Boucher, O., Cozic, A., Lim, S., Ginot, P., Laj, P., Jacobi, H. W., Gallée, H., and Marinoni, A.: Snow cover sensitivity to black carbon deposition in the Himalaya: from atmospheric and ice core measurements to regional climate simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 4237–4249, doi:10.5194/acp-14-4237-2014.


91. Journet, E., Balkanski, Y., and Harrison, S. P.: A new data set of soil mineralogy for dust-cycle modeling, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 3801-3816, doi:10.5194/acp-14-3801-2014, 2014.


90. Evangeliou, N., Balkanski, Y., Cozic, A., Møller, A.P. (2014), "Global and local health risk assessment after the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident as seen from Chernobyl: A modeling study for radiocaesium (134Cs & 137Cs)", Environment International, . 64, 17-27.


89.  Wang R. , S. Tao, Y. Balkanski , P. Ciais , O. Boucher , J. Liu , S. Piao , H. Shen , M. R. Vuolo , M. Valari , H. Chen , Y. Chen , A. Cozic , Y. Huang , B. LI , W. Li , G. Shen , B. Wang , Y. Zhang, Exposure to ambient black carbon derived from a unique inventory and high resolution model, PNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1318763111, 2014.


88.  Jiao, C., Flanner, M. G., Balkanski, Y., Bauer, S. E., Bellouin, N., Berntsen, T. K., Bian, H., Carslaw, K. S., Chin, M., De Luca, N., Diehl, T., Ghan, S. J., Iversen, T., Kirkevåg, A., Koch, D., Liu, X., Mann, G. W., Penner, J. E., Pitari, G., Schulz, M., Seland, O., Skeie, R. B., Steenrod, S. D., Stier, P., Takemura, T., Tsigaridis, K., van Noije, T., Yun, Y., and Zhang, K.: An AeroCom assessment of black carbon in Arctic snow and sea ice, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14:2399-2417. DOI:10.5194/acp-14-2399-2014.


87.    M. R. Vuolo, M. Schulz, Y. Balkanski, and T. Takemura, A new method for evaluating the impact of vertical distribution on aerosol radiative forcing in general circulation models, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 877-897, doi:10.5194/acp-14-877-2014, 2014.




86.  Evangeliou, N., Balkanski, Y., Cozic, A., and Møller, A. P.: Simulations of the transport and deposition of 137Cs over Europe after the Chernobyl NPP accident: influence of varying emission-altitude and model horizontal and vertical resolution, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 7183-7198, doi:10.5194/acp-13-7183-2013.


85. Sima, A., Kageyama, M., Rousseau, D.-D., Ramstein, G., Balkanski, Y., Antoine, P., and Hatté, C.: Modeling dust emission response to North Atlantic millennial-scale climate variations from the perspective of East European MIS 3 loess deposits, Clim. Past, 9, 1385-1402, doi:10.5194/cp-9-1385-2013, 2013.


84.   N. Evangeliou , Y. Balkanski , A. Cozic , and A. Pape Møller, Global Transport and Deposition of 137Cs Following the Fukushima NPP Accident in Japan: Emphasis on Europe and Asia Using High-Resolution Model Versions and Radiological Impact Assessment of the Human Population and the Environment Using Interactive Tools, Environ. Sci. Technol., DOI: 10.1021/es400372u, 2013.


83. Ménégoz, M., Krinner, G., Balkanski, Y., Cozic, A., Boucher, O., and Ciais, P.: Boreal and temperate snow cover variations induced by black carbon emissions in the middle of the 21st century, The Cryosphere, 7, 537-554, doi:10.5194/tc-7-537-2013,2013.


82.  Shindell, D. T., Lamarque, J.-F., Schulz, M., Flanner, M., Jiao, C., Chin, M., Young, P. J., Lee, Y. H., Rotstayn, L., Mahowald, N., Milly, G., Faluvegi, G., Balkanski, Y., Collins, W. J., Conley, A. J., Dalsoren, S., Easter, R., Ghan, S., Horowitz, L., Liu, X., Myhre, G., Nagashima, T., Naik, V., Rumbold, S. T., Skeie, R., Sudo, K., Szopa, S., Takemura, T., Voulgarakis, A., Yoon, J.-H., and Lo, F.: Radiative forcing in the ACCMIP historical and future climate simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2939-2974, doi:10.5194/acp-13-2939-2013, 2013.


81.  Myhre, G., Samset, B. H., Schulz, M., Balkanski, Y., Bauer, S., Berntsen, T. K., Bian, H., Bellouin, N., Chin, M., Diehl, T., Easter, R. C., Feichter, J., Ghan, S. J., Hauglustaine, D., Iversen, T., Kinne, S., Kirkevåg, A., Lamarque, J.-F., Lin, G., Liu, X., Lund, M. T., Luo, G., Ma, X., van Noije, T., Penner, J. E., Rasch, P. J., Ruiz, A., Seland, Ø., Skeie, R. B., Stier, P., Takemura, T., Tsigaridis, K., Wang, P., Wang, Z., Xu, L., Yu, H., Yu, F., Yoon, J.-H., Zhang, K., Zhang, H., and Zhou, C.: Radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect from AeroCom Phase II simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 1853-1877, doi:10.5194/acp-13-1853-2013, 2013.


80.  Samset, B. H., Myhre, G., Schulz, M., Balkanski, Y., Bauer, S., Berntsen, T. K., Bian, H., Bellouin, N., Diehl, T., Easter, R. C., Ghan, S. J., Iversen, T., Kinne, S., Kirkevåg, A., Lamarque, J.-F., Lin, G., Liu, X., Penner, J. E., Seland, Ø., Skeie, R. B., Stier, P., Takemura, T., Tsigaridis, K., and Zhang, K.: Black carbon vertical profiles strongly affect its radiative forcing uncertainty, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2423-2434, doi:10.5194/acp-13-2423-2013, 2013.



79. J-L Dufresne , M-A Foujols, · S. Denvil, · A. Caubel, · O. Marti, · O ·Aumont, Y ·Balkanski, S ·Bekki, H · Bellenger, R ·Benshila, S Bony, · L ·Bopp, P ·Braconnot,  P ·Brockmann, P ·Cadule, F ·Cheruy, F ·Codron, A ·Cozic, D ·Cugnet, N ·de Noblet, J-P · Duvel, C ·Ethé,  L · Fairhead, T · Fichefet, S ·Flavoni, P ·Friedlingstein,  Grandpeix, J-Y · Guez, L · Guilyardi, E · Hauglustaine, D · Hourdin, F · Idelkadi, A · Ghattas, J · Joussaume, S · Kageyama, M · Krinner, G · Labetoulle, S · Lahellec, A · Lefebvre, M-P · Lefevre, F · Levy, C · Li, Z. X. · Lloyd, J · Lott, F · Madec, G · Mancip, M · Marchand, M · Masson, S · Meurdesoif, Y · Mignot, J · Musat, I · Parouty, S · Polcher, J · Rio, C · Schulz, M · Swingedouw, D · Szopa, S · Talandier, C · Terray, P · Viovy, N, Climate change projections using the IPSL-CM5 Earth System Model: from CMIP3 to CMIP5, Clim. Dyn.,40:2123-2165, DOI 10.1007/s00382-012-1636-1, 2013.


78. Szopa , S., Y. Balkanski, A. Cozic, C. Déandreis, J.-L. Dufresne, D. Hauglustaine, J. Lathière, M. Schulz, R. Vuolo, N. Yan, M. Marchand, S. Bekki, D. Cugnet, A. Idelkadi, S. Denvil, M.-A. Foujols, A. Caubel, A. Fortems-Cheiney, Aerosol and Ozone changes as forcing for Climate Evolution between 1850 and 2100, Clim. Dyn., 40, 2223-2250, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-012-1408-y, 2013.



77. Déandreis, C., Balkanski, Y., Dufresne, J. L., and Cozic, A.: Radiative forcing estimates of sulfate aerosol in coupled climate-chemistry models with emphasis on the role of the temporal variability, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 5583-5602, doi:10.5194/acp-12-5583-2012, 2012.


76. Koffi, B., M. Schulz, F.-M. Bréon, J. Griesfeller, Y. Balkanski, S.  Bauer, T. Berntsen, M. Chin, W. D. Collins, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, Richard Easter, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, L. W. Horowitz, T. Iversen, A. Kirkevåg, D. Koch, M. Krol, G. Myhre, P. Stier, T. Takemura, D. Winker, Application of the CALIOP Layer Product to evaluate the vertical distribution of aerosols estimated by global models: AeroCom phase I results, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D10201, doi:10.1029/2011JD016858, 2012.


75. Olivié, D. J. L. , D. Cariolle, H. Teyssèdre, D. Salas, A. Voldoire, H. Clark, D. Saint-Martin, M. Michou, F. Karcher, Y. Balkanski, M. Gauss, O. Dessens, B. Koffi, and R. Sausen, Modeling the climate impact of road transport, maritime shipping and aviation over the period 1860-2100 with an AOGCM, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1449-1480, 2012.




74. Shine, K. P., E.J. Highwood, G. Rädel, N. Stuber and Y. Balkanski, Climate model calculations of the impact of aerosols from road transport and shipping, Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics, 24:444-451, 2011.


73. Formenti, P., L. Schuetz, Y. Balkanski, K. Desboeufs, M. Ebert, K. Kandler, A. Petzold, D. Scheuvens, S. Weinbruch and Daizhou Zhang, Recent progress in understanding physical and chemical properties of mineral dust, en revision,  Earth-Science Reviews2011.


72. Koch, D., Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. C. Bond, R. Easter, S. Ferrachat, C. Hoose, J. Quaas, X. Liu, U. Lohmann, S. Menon, M. Schulz, T. Takemura, N. Yan, Soot effects on liquid clouds, a multi-model investigation, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1051-1064, 2011.


71. Huneeus, N., M. Schulz, Y. Balkanski, J. Griesfeller, S. Kinne, J. Prospero, S. Bauer, O. Boucher, M. Chin, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, R. Easter, D. Fillmore, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, A. Grini, L. Horowitz, D. Koch, M.C. Krol, W. Landing, X. Liu, N. Mahowald, R. Miller, J.-J. Morcrette, G. Myhre, J. Penner, J. Perlwitz, P. Stier, T. Takemura and C. Zender, Global dust model intercomparison in AeroCom phase I, Atm. Chem. Phys., 11, 7781-7816, 2011.




70. Balkanski, Y., G. Myhre, M. Gauss, G. Rädel, E J. Highwood And K. P. Shine, Aerosol emitted by transport: direct radiative effect from road, ships and aviation, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 4477-4489, 2010.


69. Maher, B. , J. M .Prospero, D.  Mackie,; D. Gaiero, P. P Hesse, Y. Balkanski, Global connections between aeolian dust, climate and ocean biogeochemistry at the present  day and at the last glacial maximum, accepté, Earth Science Reviews,Volume 99, Issues 1-2, Pages 61-97, 2010.


68. Uherek E., Halenka T., Balkanski Y., Berntsen T., Borken-Kleefeld J., Borrego C., Gauss M.,  Hoor P., Juda-Rezler K.,  Lelieveld J., Melas D., Rypdal K.,  Schmid S., Transport impacts on atmosphere and climate: Land transport, Atmospheric Environment, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.01.002, 2010.




67. Myhre G., M. Kvalevåg, G. Rädel, J. Cook, K. P. Shine, H. Clark, F. Karcher, K. Markowicz, A. Kardas, P. Wolkenberg, Y. Balkanski, M. Ponater, P. Forster, A. Rap, R. Rodriguez De Leon, Intercomparison of radiative forcing calculations of stratospheric water vapour and contrails, Meteorologische Zeitschrif,  18 (6): pp. 585-596, 2009.


66. Koch, D., M. Schulz, S. Kinne, C. McNaughton, J.R. Spackman, T.C. Bond, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, A. Clarke, N. De Luca, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, O. Dubovik, R. Easter, D.W. Fahey, J. Feichter, D. Fillmore, S. Freitag, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, L. Horowitz, T. Iversen, A. Kirkevåg, Z. Klimont, Y. Kondo, M. Krol, X. Liu, R. Miller, V. Montanaro, N. Moteki, G. Myhre, J.E. Penner, Ja. Perlwitz, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, L. Sahu, H. Sakamoto, G. Schuster, J.P. Schwarz, Ø. Seland, P. Stier, N. Takegawa, T. Takemura, C. Textor, J.A. van Aardenne, and Y. Zhao: Evaluation of black carbon estimations in global aerosol modelsAtmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 9001-9026, 2009.


65. Quaas J., Y. Ming, S. Menon, T. Takemura, M. Wang, J. Penner, A. Gettelman, U. Lohmann, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, P. Stier, A. M. Sayers, G. Thomas, A. McComiskey, G. Feingold, C. Hoose, X. Liu, R. Easter, S. Ghan, P. Rasch, H. Morrison, J.-F. Lamarque, M. Iacono, Y. Balkanski, et al.: Aerosol indirect effects - general circulation model intercomparison and evaluation with satellite data, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 8697-8717, 2009.


64. Durant A., S. Harrison, I. M. Watson, Y. Balkanski, Sensitivity of direct radiative forcing by mineral dust to particle characteristics, Progress in Physical Geography, 33(1), pp. 80-102, doi: 10.1177/0309133309105034, 2009.




63. Ndour, M., B. D'anna, C. George, O. Ka, Y. Balkanski, J. Kleffmann, K. Stemmler And M. Ammann, Impact of the photocatalytic properties of mineral dust on atmospheric composition, Geoph. Res. Let., 35, doi:10.1029/2007GL032006, 2008.


62. Sima, A. D.-D. Rousseau, M. Kageyama, G. Ramstein, M. Schulz,; Y. Balkanski; P. Antoine, F. Dulac, C. Hatté, Imprint of North-Atlantic abrupt climate changes on western European loess deposits as viewed in a dust emission model, Quaternary Science Reviews (2009), doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.07.016, 2008.




61. Balkanski, Y., M. Schulz, T. Claquin And O. Boucher, Reevaluation of mineral aerosol radiative forcings suggests a better agreement with satellite and AERONET data, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 81-95, 2007.


60. Textor, C., M. Schulz, S. Guibert, S. Kinne, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, T. Berglen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, J. Feichter, D. Fillmore, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, A. Grini, J. Hendricks, L. Horowitz, P. Huang, I. S. A. Isaksen, T. Iversen, S. Kloster, D. Koch, A. Kirkevåg, J. E. Kristjansson, M. Krol, A. Lauer, J. F. Lamarque, X. Liu, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J. E. Penner, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, Ø, P. Stier, T. Takemura, X. Tie, The effect of harmonized emissions on aerosol properties in global models - an AeroCom experiment, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 4489-4501, 2007.




59. Schulz M., C. Textor, S. Kinne, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, T. Berglen, O. Boucher, F. Dentener, A. Grini, S. Guibert, T. Iversen, D. Koch, A. Kirkevåg, X. Liu, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J. Penner, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, Ø. Seland, P. Stier, And T. Takemura, Radiative forcing by aerosols as derived from the AeroCom present-day and pre-industrial simulations, àAtmos. Chem. Phys., 6 (12) , 5225-5246, 2006.


58. Mouillot F., Narasimba A., Y. Balkanski, Lamarque J.F., Field C.B., Global carbon emissions from biomass burning in the 20th century. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L01801, 10.1029/2005GL024707, 2006.


57. Yu, Kaufman, Chin, Feingold, Remer, Anderson, Balkanski, Boucher, Christopher, Feichter, Kahn, Koch, Loeb, Schulz, Takemura, Zhou, Decola, A Review of Measurement-based Assessment of Aerosol Direct Radiative Effect and Forcing, Atmos. Chem. Phys., Vol. 6, pp 613-666, 2006.


56. Textor C., M. Schulz, S. Guibert, S. Kinne, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, T. Berglen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, H. Feichter, D. Fillmore, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, A. Grini, J. Hendricks, L. Horrowitz, I. Isaksen, T. Iversen, D. Koch, M. Krol, A. Lauer, J.F. Lamarque, X. Liu, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J. Penner, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, O. Seland, P. Stier, T. Takemura, X. Tie, Analysis and quantification of the diversities of aerosol life cycles within AEROCOM, Atmos. Chem. Phys., Vol. 6, pp 1777-1813, 29-5-2006.


55. Kinne S.,  Textor C., M. Schulz, S. Guibert, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, T. Berglen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, H. Feichter, D. Fillmore, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, A. Grini, J. Hendricks, L. Horrowitz, I. Isaksen, T. Iversen, D. Koch, M. Krol, A. Lauer, J.F. Lamarque, X. Liu, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J. Penner, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, O. Seland, P. Stier, T. Takemura, X. Tie, An AeroCom initial assessment - optical properties in aerosol component modules of global models,Atmos. Chem. Phys., Vol. 6, pp 1815-1834, 29-5-2006.


54. Generoso S., F.-M. Bréon, Y. Balkanski, F. Chevallier, M. Schulz, Assimilation of POLDER Aerosol Optical Thickness into the LMDz-INCA model: Implication for the Arctic aerosol burden,  J. Geophys. Res., 10.1007/2005JD006954RR, 2006.


53. Krinner G., O. Boucher And Y. Balkanski, Reduced glacial ice sheet extent in Northern Asia and Alaska owing to deposition of mineral dust on snow, Geophys. Res. Let., 10.1007/s00382-006-0159-z, 2006.


52. Tsigaridis, K., M. Krol, F. J. Dentener, Y. Balkanski, J. Lathière, S. Metzger, D. A. Hauglustaine And M. Kanakidou, Aerosol composition global change since preindustrial times, Atmos. Chem. Phys., Vol. 6, pp. 5143-5162, 2006.


51. Schulz M., C. Textor, S. Kinne, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, T. Berglen, O. Boucher, F. Dentener, A. Grini, S. Guibert, T. Iversen, D. Koch, A. Kirkevåg, X. Liu, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J. Penner, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, Ø. Seland, P. Stier, And T. Takemura, Radiative forcing by aerosols as derived from the AeroCom present-day and pre-industrial simulations,Atmos. Chem. Phys., Vol. 6, pp. 5225-5246, 2006.


50. Shekar Reddy M., O. Boucher, N. Belloin, M. Schulz Y. Balkanski And M. Pham, Estimates of global multicomponent aerosol optical depth and direct radiative perturbation in the Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique general circulation model, J. Geophys. Res., Vol110, D10S16, doi: 10.1029/2004JD004757, 2006.



49. Shekar Reddy M., O. Boucher, Y. Balkanski And M. Schulz, Aerosol optical depths and direct radiative perturbations by species and source type, Geophys. Res. Let., Vol. 32, L12803, doi:10.1029/2004GL021743, 2005.


48. Stier P., J. Feichter, S. Kinne, S. Kloster, E. Vignati, J. Wilson, L. Ganzeveld, I. Tegen, M. Werner, Y. Balkanski, M. Schulz, O. Boucher, A. Minikin, A. Petzold, The Aerosol-Climate Model ECHAM5-HAM, Atmospheric Chemistry and PhysicsVol. 5pp. 1125-1156. SRef-ID: 1680-7324, 2005.


47. Kanakidou, M., J. H. Seinfeld, S. N. Pandis, I. Barnes, F. J. Dentener, M. C. Facchini, R. Van Dingenen, B. Ervens, A. Nenes, C. J. Nielsen, E. Swietlicki, J. P. Putaud, Y. Balkanski, S. Fuzzi, J. Horth, G. K. Moortgat, R. Winterhalter, C. E. L. Myhre, K. Tsigaridis, E. Vignati, E. G. Stephanou, J. Wilson, Organic aerosol and global climate modelling: a review, Atmospheric Chemistry and PhysicsVol. 5, pp 1053-1123. 30-3-2005.


46. Pierangelo C., Mishchenko M., Y. Balkanski, A. Chédin, Retrieving the effective radius of Saharan dust coarse mode from AIRS, Geophys. Res. Let. VOL. 32, L20813, doi: 10.1029/2005GL023425, 2005.


45. Umann B., F. Arnold, C. Schaal, M. Hanke, J. Uecker, H. Aufmhoff, Y. Balkanski, R. Van Dingenen, The interaction of mineral dust with gas-phase HNO3 and SO2 during the MINATROC II field campaign: First estimate of the uptake coefficient gHNO3 from atmospheric data, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D22306, doi: 10.1029/2005JD005906, 2005.


44. Bonasoni P., P. Cristofanelli, F. Calzolari, U. Bonafe, F. Evangelisti, A. Stohl, R. Van Dingenen, T. Colombo, Y. Balkanski, Aerosol-ozone correlations during dust transport episodes, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 4, Vol. 4, pp 1201-1215, 3-8-2004.



43. Bauer S.E., Y. Balkanski, M. Schulz, D. Hauglustaine, And F. Dentener, Global Modelling of Heterogeneous Chemistry on Mineral Aerosol Surfaces: The Influence on Tropospheric Ozone Chemistry and Comparison to Observations, J. Geophys. Res.,Vol. 109, D02304, doi: 10.1029.2003JD003868, 2004.


42. Balkanski Y., S. Bauer, R. Van-Dingenen, J. P. Putaud, P. Bonasoni, M. Schulz, M. Hanke, G. P. Gobbi, J. Crowley, M. Rossi, F. Dentener, A. Stohl. The Mt Cimone, italy, free tropospheric campaign: principal characteristics of the gaseous and aerosol composition from european pollution, mediterranean influences and during african dust events, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, Vol. 3, pp 1753-1776, 27-3-2003.


41. Generoso, S., F.M. Breon, Balkanski, Y. Boucher, O. and Schulz, M., Improving the seasonal cycle and interannual variations of biomass burning aerosol sources, 
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 3, pp 1211-1222, 22-8-2003.


40. Claquin T., C. Roelandt, K. Kohfeld, S. Harrison, C. Prentice, Y. Balkanski, G. Bergametti, M. Hansson, N.  Mahowald, H. Rohde, H., M. Schulz, Radiative forcing by ice ace dust, Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-002-0269-1, 193-202, 2003.


39. Werner M., I. Tegen, S. P. Harrison, K. E. Kohfeld, C. Prentice, Y. Balkanski, H. Rodhe, C. Roelandt, Seasonal and Interannual Variability of the Mineral Dust Cycle under Present and Glacial Climate Conditions, J. Geophys. Res., 107(D24), 4744, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002365, 2002.


38. Guelle W., M. Schulz, Y. Balkanski, And F. Dentener, Influence of the source formulation on modeling the atmospheric global distribution of sea-salt aerosol, J. Geophys. Res, 10627,509-27,524,



37. Spivakovsky C., J. Logan, S. A. Montzka, Y. Balkanski, M. Foreman-Fowler, D. B. A. Jones, L.W. Horowitz, A.C. Fusco, C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer, M.J. Prather, S.C. Wofsy And M.B. McElroy, Three-dimensional climatological distribution of tropospheric OH : update and evaluation, Journal of Geophysical Research , 105, pp. 8931-8980, 2000.


36. Guelle W., Y. Balkanski, M. Schulz, B. Marticorena, G. Bergametti, C. Moulin, R. Arimoto, And K. D. Perry, Modelling the atmospheric distribution of mineral aerosol: Comparison with ground measurements and satellite observations for yearly and synoptic time scales over the North Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res105, 1997-2005, 2000.


35. Rasch P., ..., Y. Balkanski et Al., An assessment of scavenging and deposition processes in global models : Results from the WCRP Cambridge workshop of 1995 , Tellus (B), 52:1025-1056, 2000.


34. Claquin T., Schulz, M., Y. Balkanski, Modeling the mineralogy of atmospheric dust sources, J. Geophys. Res.104, 22,243-22,256, 1999.


33. Balkanski Y., M. Bender, P. Monfray, R. Murnane, M. Heimann. Seasonal variations of atmospheric oxygen: constraints on ocean production in the southern ocean. Sous presse, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 13(2), 257-271, 1999.


32. Mahowald N., K. Kohfeld, M. Hansson, Y. Balkanski, S. Harrison, C. Prentice, H. Rodhe, And M. Schulz, Dust sources and deposition in the Last Glacial Maximum and Current Climate, Journal of Geophysical Research 104, 15,895-16,436 1999.


31. Denning S., M. Holtzer, K. R. Gurney, Y. Balkanski, S. Fan, P. Frieglingstein, I. Y. Fung, M. Heimann, R. M. Law, M. Maiss, P.J. Rayner, S. Taguchi, J. A. Taylor. Three-Dimensional Transport and Concentration of SF6 : A Model Intercomparison Study (Transcom 2). Tellus51B, pp. 266-297, 1999.


30. Claquin T., M. Schulz, Y. Balkanski And O. Boucher, Uncertainties in modeling the radiative forcing of mineral dust, Tellus,50B, 491-505, 1998.


29. Moulin M., C.E. Lambert, U. Dayan, V. Masson, M. Ramonet, P. Bousquet, M. Legrand, Y. Balkanski, W. Guelle, B. Marticorena, G. Bergametti And F. Dulac, Satellite climatology of African dust transport in the Mediterranean atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 13,137-13,144, 1998.


28. Guelle W., Y. Balkanski, J. E. Dibb, M. Schulz, And F. Dulac, Wet deposition in a global size-dependent aerosol transport model, 2, Influence of the scavenging scheme on 210Pb vertical profiles, surface concentrations and deposition., J. Geophys. Res.103, 28,875-28,891, 1998b.


27. Guelle W., Y. Balkanski, M. Schulz, F. Dulac, And P. Monfray, Wet deposition in a global size-dependent aerosol transport model, 1, Comparison of a 1-year 210Pb simulation with ground measurements, J. Geophys. Res.103, 11,429-11,445,1998a.


26. Schulz M., Y. Balkanski, F. Dulac And W. Guelle, Treatment of aerosol size distribution in a global transport model: Validation with satellite-derived observations for a Saharan dust episode, J. Geophys. Res., 103: 10589-10592, 1998.


25. Jacob D., M. Prather,..., Y Balkanski,.... Intercomparison of global atmospheric transport models using 222Rn and other short-lived tracers, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 5953-5970, 1997.


24. Bousquet P, P. Ciais, P. Monfray, Y. Balkanski Et M. Ramonet. Influence of two atmospheric transport models on inferring sources and sinks of atmospheric CO2. Tellus, 48B, 568-582, 1996.


23. Balkanski Y., D. Jacob, G. Gardner, W. Graustein, And K. K. Turekian. Tropospheric Residence Times of Continental Aerosols derived from a Three Dimensional Simulation of 210Pb , J. Geoph. Res., 98, pp. 20573-20586, 1993.


22. Galloway J.N., J.E. Penner, C.S. Atherton, J.M. Prospero, H. Rodhe, R. S. Artz, Y. Balkanski, Et Al: Sulfur and Nitrogen Levels in the North Atlantic Ocean's Atmosphere: A synthesis of Field and Modeling Results, Global Biogeochem. Cycles2, pp.77-101. 1992.


21. Balkanski Y., D. Jacob, R. Arimoto And M. Kritz: Distribution of Rn-222 Over the North Pacific: Implications for Continental Influences, J. Atmosph. Chem., 14, pp. 353-374, 1992.


20. Balkanski, Y.. Atmospheric Residence Times of Continental Aerosols. Thèse de Ph.D., Université d'Harvard1991.

19. Balkanski Y. And D. Jacob: Transport of Continental Air to the Subantarctic Indian Ocean. Tellus 42B, pp. 62-75, 1990.


18. George C., M. Ndour, Y. Balkanski and O. Ka, Photoenhanced Uptake of NO2 on Mineral Dust in: Regional Climate Variability and its Impacts in The Mediterranean Area, Eds A. Mellouki and A. R. Ravishankara, NATO Science Series, pp. 219-2332007.


17. Schulz M., Y. Balkanski, W. Guelle, C. Moulin, C. Lambert. Wet deposition parametrisation of the Saharan aerosol cycle and its validation with analysed Meteosat observations. , in The Impact of African Dust Across the Mediterranean, S. Guerzoni and R. Chester eds., Kluwer, The Netherlands, 51-58, 1996.


16 . Balkanski Y., M. Schulz, B. Marticorena, G. Bergametti, W. Guelle, C. Moulin, C. Lambert Importance of the source term and of the size distribution to model the mineral dust cycle, in The Impact of African Dust Across the Mediterranean, S. Guerzoni and R. Chester eds., Kluwer, The Netherlands, 69-76., 1996.


15. Balkanski, Y.: Le radon, un traceur atmosphérique, Les Clés du CEA, 4pp., Dec. 2008.


Durant, A., S. P. Harrison, B. Maher, Y. Balkanski, The QUEST Dust Working Group and the future of dust-cycle research, Clivar Exchanges, avril 2008.


14. Kanakidou, M., F. Dentener,..., M. Schulz, Y. Balkanski, C. Textor, S. Guibert et al., Phoenics Synthesis and Integration report, Particles of Human Origin Extinguish Natural solar Irradiance in the Climate System, eds M. Kanakidou and F. Dentener, 55 pages, 2005


13. Balkanski, Y., J. Feichter, P. Joëckel and J. Masarik, Modelling Radionuclides, in: WMO report 155, WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION GLOBAL ATMOSPHERE WATCH, pp. 20-26, 2004.


12. Hauglustaine, D., Y. Balkanski And D. Cariolle, Rôle de la chimie atmosphérique dans les changements globaux, dansEnvironnement Atmosphérique: Notions et Applications, eds : R. Delmas, V. H. Peuch, et G. Mégie, Belin Sup. 40pp. 2004.


11. Balkanski ,Y., B. Winterholler, V. Sinha, S. Benz, Heterogeneous Chemistry On Mineral Dust, inAerosols, Heterogeneous Chemistry And Climate 1st International Max Planck Research School for Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry pp. 87-91, 2004.


10. Granier, C., S. Bekki, F. Dentener, J.F. Muller, Y. Balkanski, I. Bey, B. Collins, L. Ganzeveld, S. Houweling, M. Sanderson, M. Schultz, J. Sciare, D. Stevenson, Chapter 5 : Impact of Climate Change on Tropospheric Ozone, EU publication, in European Assessment on Ozone-Climate Interactions I.S. Isaksen (Ed.), European Communities, Luxembourg, 2003.


9. Balkanski Y., M. Schulz, C. Moulin Et P. Ginoux: The formulation of dust emissions on global scale: formulation and validation using satellite retrievals In: Emissions of Atmospheric Trace Compounds, eds. C. Granier, P. Artaxo and C. Reeves, pp.239-267, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2004.


8. Schulz M., G. De Leeuw And Y. Balkanski, Sea-salt aerosol source functions and emissions Sea-salt aerosol source functions and emissions, in: Emissions of Atmospheric Trace Compounds, eds. C. Granier, P. Artaxo and C. Reeves, pp.333-359, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2004.


7. Issartel J.P., B. Cabrit, F. Hourdin, A. Idelkadi, Y. Balkanski. Dispersion atmosphérique des radoinucléides. Modèles direct et inverse. Note CEA/DAM, DIF- 08/06/2000.

6. A. Armengaud, Y. Balkanski , B. Cabrit, M. Crepon, W. Guelle, J.-M. Guerin, F. Hourdin, J.-P. Issartel, L. Mortier. Radioactivité atmosphérique, detection et localization des sources. Note CEA/DAM, DIF- 10/12/1998.


5. Y. Balkanski. Concentrations moyennes tropospheriques de 210Pb. Lettre pigb-pmrc, no2, fevrier 1995.


4. C. M. Spivakovsky And Y. Balkanski. Tropospheric OH: constraints imposed by observations of 14CO and CH3CCl3. Rapport de l'OMF: réunion sponsorisée des experts du monoxide de carbone (CO), P.C. Novelli and R.M. Rossow (eds.), Global Atmospheric Watch, World Meteorological Organization, Genève, Suisse, 1994.


3. Y. Balkanski. Validation du transport atmosphérique dans les modèles de circulation générale. Recueil des communications de la réunion de la SFEN du 23 mars 1993: L'utilisation des radionucléides pour la connaissance des milieux naturels, 25 pp.,1993.


2. Y. Balkanski, C. Spivakovsky, J. Logan Et  D. Jacob: ''A Study of OH at Mid-Latitudes''. EOS, vol 73, no14, p26, 1992.


1. D. Jacob, S. Wofsy, C. Spivakovsky, J. Logan, R. Yevich, P. Spiro, G. Gardner, Y. Balkanski, E.Gottlieb. Theoretical Studies of Long-Range Transport of Oxidants. Final Report to the Coordinating Research Council. Harvard University, 1990.




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